SOLDIERS

IN

KING PHILIP'S WAR

Chapter 18, Part I 

XVIII

CAPT. JONATHAN POOLE, CAPT. THOMAS BRATTLE, AND THEIR COMPANIES

JONATHAN POOLE, of Reading, was the son of John and Margaret, and was born (probably at Cambridge) in 1634. His father was one of the first settlers of Reading, a large land-owner, and doubtless was the wealthiest of the settlers. The family homestead was on the present site of the "Wakefield Rattan Works," and to this and other large tracts of land Jonathan succeeded upon the death of his father in 1667.

His wife's name was Judith, and their children, born in Reading, were -- Sarah, born 1656, married, 1673, Thomas Bancroft; Judith, born 1658; Mary, born 1660, died 1661; Mary, 2d, born 1662, married, 1682, James Nichols; John, born 1665; Jonathan, born 1667, married Bridget Fitch, 1691-2; Thomas, born 1673; William, born 1677; Elizabeth, born 1678.

Capt. Poole died in 1678; aged 44 years. His widow, Judith, married, 1681, Capt. Wm. Hasey, and third, Lieut. Robt. Gould, of Hull, and died, in Hull, 1704.

In October, 1671, he was appointed Quartermaster, and in May, 1674, Cornet of the "Three County Troop," and still held that office when the war broke out in 1675. In the summer he was in service under Lieut Hasey, serving as Cornet, and will appear in Hasey's list. In the campaign under Major Appleton, in the fall of 1675, we find him in important positions. Sept. 30th he was in command of the garrison at Quabaog. He probably marched his troops, about October 10th, to Hadley, whence he was assigned by Major Appleton to the defence of Hatfield. On October 19th, when that town was attacked, Capt. Poole was in command of a company, and gallantly and successfully defended the north side of the town, account of which is given above. In this defence, John Pocock, of Capt. Poole's company, was killed. When Major Appleton had the command of this army of the west suddenly thrust upon him by the Council, he appointed Cornet Poole to a captaincy, and sent word to the Council of his action, but the Council in reply rebuked this assumption of authority on his part, instructing him that it is his place to recommend a deserving officer, but the Council's place to promote.

Upon the necessity to consult the Council more fully than by letters, he sends Capt. Poole personally in charge of his messengers, who evidently made so good an impression upon the worthy magistrates that they recognized the wisdom of Major Appleton, and upon his withdrawal of the main army for the campaign at Narraganset, Captain Poole was placed in command of the garrison forces in the Connecticut towns, and remained at his post until, at the earnest solicitation of his friends and family, he was relieved by the appointment of Capt. Turner, April 7th, 1676. Of his service during the winter some idea may be gained from the following extract from a letter of Rev. John Russell to the Council:

Capt. Poole who hath been last here for ye governmt of ye souldiers & as president of ye Council of warr here doth earnestly intreate for a liberty to repaire to his own very much suffering family at least for a while, We may not be so selvish as to be unsensible to kindnesse to us in his stay here or losse to him thereby so as to hinder ye promoting of any rationall request consisting wth or publike safety: We are thankfull for what blessing God hath made him to us; desirous to retaine him while not to much to his prjudice. He signifies to us yt there is now here in the army a man of ye same Town viz. Redding by Name Mr. John Brown whom he judgeth very fitt to oversee the souldiers, etc., etc. Hadley March 16th 1675-6. Mass. Archives, vol. 68, p. 163.

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