These is to Sertiffie ye Honoured Commetty; that these two bills was delivered by ye order of Capt. Poole & my Self ffor ye use of the soulders and Recd by the solgers,
by me John Coaleman comisarey of Hatfield.
CAPT. THOMAS BRATTLE AND HIS MEN
Thomas Brattle was born about 1624. Was a merchant of good standing in Boston in 1656; was of the Artillery Company in 1675. He was an enterprising land-purchaser, and bought large tracts on the Kennebec and the Merrimac, the latter of the Indians. He owned valuable iron works at Concord, and was deputy from that town from 1678-1681; also from Lancaster, 1671--2. Was one of the founders of the Old South Church, and in 1671 one of the commissioners sent to treat with Philip at Taunton; and in nearly all the relations of public life he appears as one of the most active and influential men of the colony. He married, probably in 1656, Elizabeth Tyng, daughter of Capt. William and Elizabeth (Coytemore) Tyng, whose tragic death, Nov. 9th, 1682, is recorded in Judge Sewall's Diary. Their children, born in Boston, were -- Thomas, born Sept. 5, 1657, died same day; Thomas, born June 20, 1658; Elizabeth, born Nov. 30th, 1660; William, born Nov. 22, 1662; Katharine, born Sept. 26, 1664; Bethiah, born Aug. 13, 1666; Mary, born Aug. 10, 1668; Edward, born Dec. 18, 1670. Thomas Brattle was appointed Cornet of the Suffolk troop, May 30th, 1670; Lieutenant, Oct. 13, 1675; Captain, May 5, 1676. When the war broke out, Capt. Brattle was an immediate and important friend of the colony. He loaned the colony two hundred pounds, and in the first few months of the war he is personally credited with cash, supplies and service to the amount of fifteen hundred pounds upon the treasurer's accounts.
Sept. 8, 1675, the Council orders Cornet Thomas Brattle, with a party of horsemen under his command, to take fifty soldiers who are appointed to meet him at Leftenant Thomas Henchman's, in Groton, and distribute them according to his discretion in the towns of Dunstable, Groton and Lancaster; and to arrange with the inhabitants for the support and aid of their garrisons; also to settle affairs, so far as possible, with the friendly Indians at Wamesit, Nashoba and Marlborough, to induce the chief Wannalancet to return and live quietly at Wamesit, giving his son as a hostage into the hands of the English, etc. The issue of this affair will appear in the account of the Pennacooks. Capt. Brattle was engaged in the organization and supply of the several expeditions west and south. He was personally with the forces at Narraganset, in the reorganization of the army after the Swamp Fight. On May 15th, 1676, in the expedition to Hassanamesit under Capt. Henchman, Capt. Brattle, with a party of horse, fell upon the Indians between Mendon and Hassanamesit and killed about twenty, of whom four were squaws. The enemy dispersed into the swamps, and the main body escaped.
On May 24th, Capt. Brattle "with a troope of horse," about fifty, went in pursuit of the Indians "that had newly done spoyle at Seaconcke." With a small party of foot, he arrived at the Falls of "Pocatuck River," being on the Seaconck side. The Indians appeared on the opposite side in force. Leaving the foot behind, Capt. Brattle led the troopers up the river, where they crossed with great difficulty, and soon came down upon the Indians and put them to a disastrous flight, capturing large store of their fish and other supplies, killing several. One of the English was killed, and Cornet Elliot was wounded in the hand. The dead soldier was carried to Seaconck and buried. An Indian boy was captured who testified that these Indians were three or four hundred, and belonged to "Nepsachuit." See Col. Records, vol. v. p. 96, the full letter of the General Court.June 30th, 1676, Capt. Brattle is sent on an expedition towards Mount Hope with instructious as follows:
You are to take twenty of your Troope with such officers as you shall see meete, together with an officer & ten Trooprs of Left. Hassey's Troope and with them to march with all expedition to Dedham where are ordered to be an officer with eighteen foote souldiers mounted from Dorchester, sixe from Roxbury and twenty from Dedham with an officer. All appointed to be at Dedham the Rendevous this day at fower of the clock this afternoone, whom you are to take under your Conduct and the officers and souldiers are Required to obey you as theire Commander for this Service of the Country. You are to march with your Troopers & Dragoons to be at John Woodcocks by midnight where you shall meete with an Indian Pylot and two files of musketeers which Pylot hath engaged to bring you upon Phillip and his Company who are not above thirty men as he saith & not ten miles from Woodcocks; be sure to secure your Pylot to prevent falsehood and escape. You are to endeavour with your utmost diligence to Come up with the enemy and Coming up with him, or any other of them, you are to subdue kill and destroy, in your marches take heed of Ambushments and see you keepe your souldiers in Comand and that they moove with as much sylence as may be, that you be not prevented. In case the ennimy should be past to Mount Hope and that you Can meete with Plymouth forces you are to Joyne with them. If upon Intelligence you may probably Come up with ennemy to fight subdue & destroy them.
ffor that you are victualled onely for sixe days, you are to order that your march out may be proportionably thereto for your Returne unless by the longer stay you shall see you have very probable advantage against the enemy & you may have Recruite of proper officers from our Confederates or cann give timely notice to us to send you supply.
In case you meete not with a Pylot at Woodcoks you are to send to Mr. Newman at Rehoboth and lett him know of your being there, and wayting to endeavour to surprise Phillip; And In case that faile, if upon Intelligence you have oppertunity to fall upon any other of the ennemy you are to attend that; Upon all occasions & opportunity you are to Advise us of your motions and of Gods dealings with you; for your so doing these are your order and warrant. Given at Boston the thirtieth day of June 1676.
By the Gouvernour & Council of the Massachusetts.
In this expedition Capt. Mosely was joined, as related by Mr. Hubbard. The plan was carried out, but when they arrived at the swamp they found the wily chief and his body guard "newly gone." They, however, joined with the Plymouth forces under command of Major Bradford, and succeeded, before their return home in the latter part of July, in securing the Plymouth and southern towns, and in killing or capturing one hundred and fifty of the enemy.
Capt. Thomas Brattle died April 5th, 1683. He left, it is said, the largest estate1 in New England at that time. His son(1 In the old Court files, Book 8, is preserved the following, which may be of interest as describing) Capt. Brattle's Kennebec grant:
"Thomas Brattle in behalf of himself & other the Heirs of Capt. Thomas Brattle, Mr. Antipas Boyes, Mr. Edward Tyng & John Winslow claims a certain Tract of Land in America in or between & extending from the utmost Bounds of Cobbeseconte which adjoineth to the River of Kennebeck towards the Western Ocean, and a Place called the Falls at Nequamkeek & a Place of fifteen English Miles on both Sides the River called Kennebeck River & all the said River that
lyeth within the said Limits & bounds Eastward, Westward, Northward & Southward as per Deed from the Governmt of Plimouth Colony dated 27 Octor 1661 & Orderly recorded. "A true copy Examined pr THOs CLARKE Depty Sec'ty." Thomas administered upon the estate. This son Thomas graduated at Harvard, 1676, and was eminent for his scholarship, especially in mathematics. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, which was a mark of great distinction to an American. He was celebrated for his opulence, talents and benevolence; was treasurer of Harvard College from 1693 to his death, May 18, 1713. He was never married. William Brattle, second son of Capt. Thomas, graduated at Harvard College in 1780, and received degree of B.D. in 1692, and in 1696 was ordained pastor of the church in Cambridge. He was a celebrated scholar and preacher, being especially liberal for his time. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Nathaniel Hayman, of Charlestown, Nov. 3, 1697, and by her had two sons, of whom William, the eldest, inherited his grandfather's Narraganset claim.
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