SOLDIERS

IN

KING PHILIP'S WAR

Appendix, Part I 

APPENDIX

PLYMOUTH COLONY

GOVERNORS, 1620-1692

JOHN CARVER, November, 1620, to April, 1621.
WILLIAM BRADFORD, 1621-1633, 1635-1637, 1639-1644, 1645-1657
EDWARD WINSLOW, 1633, 1636, 1644.
THOMAS PRENCE, 1634, 1638, 1657-1673.
JOSIAH WINSLOW, 1673-1680.
THOMAS HINKLEY, 1681-1692. (Except the Andros administration.)

CAPT. MYLES STANDISH was the first military officer of New England, and, as long as he lived, the chief military leader of Plymouth colony. Came in the "Mayflower" to Plymouth with wife Rose, who died January 29, following the landing. By his second wife, Barbara, he had the five children mentioned in his will of March 7, 1656. Four sons, Alexander, Myles, Josiah, and Charles survived him, his daughter Lora already deceased. Through these sons a numerous posterity followed. He was one of the chief of the Pilgrims, and besides being always commander-in-chief of the military, was treasurer for twelve years, and assistant for some eighteen years. He died Oct. 3, 1656, and is buried in Duxbury, according to the request in his will. Upon the hill which formed a part of his Duxbury estate, known as "The Captain's Hill," stands the noble "Standish Monument," of granite, surmounted by a fine statue of Capt. Standish. He was regularly chosen as captain, February, 1621, though he was understood to be captain from the compact, Nov. 11, 1620.

 

Other prominent officers of the militia of Plymouth colony, from 1620 to 1678, with year of appointment:

CAPTAINS

Thomas Willett

Plymouth 1648

Thomas Southworth

Plymouth 1659

James Cudworth

Scituate 1652

Nathl Thomas

Marshfield 1644

Josiah Winslow

Marshfield 1655

William Poole

Taunton 1638

William Hedge

Yarmouth 1659

Thomas Howes

Yarmouth 1674

Matthew Fuller

Barnstable 1668

LIEUTENANTS

William Holmes

Plymouth 1635

John Vassell

Scituate 1652

James Torrey

Scituate 1655

Peregrine White

Marshfield 1655

Ephraim Morton

Plymouth 1664

Samuel Nash

Duxbury 1645

Josias Standish

Bridgewater 1660

George Macy

Taunton 1665

Peter Hunt

Rehoboth 1654

Isaac Bucke

Scituate 1670

John Smith

Dartmouth 1674

William Palmer

Yarmouth 1643

Samuel Ryder

Yarmouth 1653

John Marchant

Yarmouth 1670

John Blackmore

Sandwich 1638

William Newland

Sandwich 1647

John Ellis

Sandwich 1653

Joseph Rogers

Eastham 1647

Thomas Dimmock

Barnstable 1643

Thomas Hayward,Jr.

Bridgewater 1664

James Wyatt

Taunton 1651

In the year 1643 an official canvass of every town in Plymouth Colony was made, to find the men, between the ages of sixteen and sixty years, who were able to bear arms. These lists are preserved in the Plymouth Records, but I have not thought best to insert them here, as the men were not properly soldiers.

In 1643, a more compact and responsible military organization was established in the three towns, Plymouth, Duxbury, and Marshfield. While a careful canvass of the colony was made that year, and account taken of every man "able to bear arms," this company was made up of chosen men, and was independent. None were received unless they were freemen, honest, and of good repute, and by the election of the members of the company. Training exercises were begun and ended with prayer. Strict order was enjoined, and any infringement of rules was punished with dismission from the company. Each man, upon election, must provide himself with a musket or sword, rest, bandoleers, etc. Only one third of whole company were allowed to carry pikes. The following rules were in force:

"All who are elected chief officers in this military company shall be so titled and forever afterwards so reputed, except he obtain a higher place. That every man enlisted in this company shall pay sixpence a quarter for the use of the company. That when any one of this company dies, the company shall come together with their armes, upon warning, and 'interr his corps' as a soldier, and according to his place and quality. All must take the oath of fidelity before admission to the company. All postures of pike and muskett, motions rankes and files, &c., messengers, skirmishes, sieges, batteries, watches, sentinells, &c., must be always performed according to true military discipline."

The officers appointed over this company were,

Capt. Myles Standish
Lieut. Nathl Thomas
Nathl. Souther, Clark
Matthew Fuller, | sergeants.
Samuel Nash, |

The entire militia of Plymouth Colony, in 1658, was organized into a regiment, of which Josiah Winslow, of Marshfield, was chosen Major-Commandant, and he held that office until his election as governor of the colony, in 1673, when Mr. William Bradford was chosen to that place. A cavalry company was organized in the colony in 1659, with William Bradford, of Plymouth, Captain, John Freeman, of Eastham, Lieutenant, and Robert Stetson, of Scituate, Cornet; but for neglecting the requirements of the Court in procuring carbines, was disbanded by a general order June 1, 1675.

ACTIVE MILITARY SERVICE

Upon active military operations, officers and men were selected from the various towns by military committees for the special service. The first actual Indian war, after the earlier skirmishes, was the war with the Pequods, the story of which has been told above. The following document shows the action taken by the Court of Plymouth:

At the General Court held in Plymouth June 7, 1637,

It was enacted that the colony send forth a company to aid Massachusetts and Connecticut in their war against the Pequod Indians, in revenge of the innocent blood of the English which the Pequods have shed.

Thirty persons shall be sent for land service, and as many others as shall be sufficient to manage the barque.

Leiftenant William Holmes is elected as leader of the company.

Mr. Thomas Prence is elected to go with the company and to be for the "Counsell of War."

Names of the soldiers who volunteered to go upon the service, but were not called into active service.

Thomas Clarke

Richard Church

George Soule

Samuell Jenney

Constance Southerne

John Barnes

Mr. Nathaniell Thomas, and his man

Mr. Goarton

John Cooke (if his family can be provided),

Mr. Stephen Hopkins

John Heyward

Thomas Williams

Nicholas Presland

Thomas Pope

Philip Delanoy

George Kennerick

John Irish

Jacob Cooke

John Philips

Francis Billington

Henry Willis

Peregrine White

Caleb Hopkins

Samuell Nash

Robert Mendall

Henry Sampson

Thomas Redding

Love Brewster

Joseph Robinson, his man

Edward Holman

William Paddy

John Hearker

Richard Clough

Henry Ewell

Joseph Biddle

William Tubbs

Thomas Halloway

John Jenkins

Giles Hopkins

Thomas Goarton

- -

And those who will go if they be prest.

Mr. Thomas Hill

Thomas Boardman,

James Coale

THE EXPEDITION AGAINST THE NARRAGANSETS IN 1645.

The proportion and names of the souldiers in each Town sent forth in the late Expedition against the Narrohigansets and their Confederates. The first Company, viz., sixteen, went forth Aug. 15, 1645.

Plymouth, six men, 17 days, œ5:02:00

John Tompson

Nicholas Hodges

Richard Foster

John Shawe

John Bundy

Samuell Cutbert

Duxborough, six men, 17 days, œ5:02:00

Serjt. Samuell Nash

John Washborne

William Brewster

Nathaniell Chaundler

William Clark

Edward Hall

Marshfield, four men, 17 days, œ3:08:00

Luke Lillye

Twyford West

William Hale

Roger Cooke

- -

The second Company went forth 23d. August, 1645. Plymouth, two men, 13 days, œ1:06:00

John Jenkins

John Harman

-

Sandwich, five men, 13 days, œ3:05:00

Thomas Burges

Thomas Greenfield,

Laurence Willis

Thomas Johnson

Robt Allen

-

Scittuate, eight men, 13 days, œ5:04:00

John Turner

George Russell,

Jeremiah Burrowes

Hercules Hill

Edward Saunders

Nathaneill Moate

John Robinson

Richard Toute

-

Barnstable, four men, 14 days, œ2:16:00

John Foxwell

John Russell

Jonathan Hatch

Francis Crocker

- -

Yarmouth, five men, 14 days, œ3:10:00, drumer extra, 0:5:00

William Northcoate

William Twyning

Teague Jonaes

Henry Wheildon, William Chase, drummer

- -

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