SOLDIERS

IN

KING PHILIP'S WAR

Appendix, Part IV 

 

FIRST CONNECTICUT CAVALRY

In 1658, Major John Mason, Commander-in-Chief of the military forces of Connecticut Colony, organized a troop of horse of thirty-seven members:

Capt. Richard Lord

of Hartford

Lieut. Daniel Clark

of Windsor

Cornet John Allyn

Hartford

Nicholas Olmstead

of Hartford

Corporals

Richard Treat

of Wethersfield

Samuel Marshall

of Windsor

Quartermaster Thomas Welles

of Hartford

Of Hartford

Saml. Wyllis

Jacob Mygatt

Jonathan Gilbert

John Stedman

James Steele

Daniel Pratt

Andrew Warner

William Edwards

Richard Fellows

Robert Reeve

- -

Of Windsor

Thomas Allyn

John Bissell

George Phelps

Stephen Terry

William Hayden

John Hosford

John Williams

Nathl. Loomis

Thomas Loomis

Aaron Cooke

David Milton

Simon Wolcott

Thomas Strong

John Moses

John Porter

Of Wethersfield

John Latimer

John Belden

John Chester

Anthony Wright

John Palmer

 

In 1672, this troop contained sixty members. The successive Captains of this troop were:

Richard Lord commissioned 1658, Hartford.
Daniel Clarke commissioned 1664, Windsor.
Samuel Talcott commissioned 1681, Wethersfield.
James Richards, Lieut., 1664.

The office of Sergeant-Major was created in 1672, and Major John Talcott was the first to hold that office and title in Connecticut. But Major Edward Palmes seems to have succeeded to the authority of Major John Mason, by vote of June 2d, 1672. In 1673, the year after Major Mason's death, the Court appointed a Major and second officer over the militia of each county, viz.: for Hartford, Major Talcott, and Capt. Benj. Newbery, 2d; New Haven, Major John Nash, and Capt. Treat, 2d; for Fairfield County, Major Nathan Gold, and Capt. Wm. Curtice, 2d; New London, Major John Winthrop, and Lieut. James Avery, 2d.

In each county the company of the shire town was considered the first company, and under the immediate command of the Major. The Colonial Records show that the several counties raised cavalry companies or "troops," just before Philip's War. Of the New London troop, Benjamin Brewster was the Lieutenant, and Daniel Mason (son of Major John) was Quartermaster. They were commissioned in October, 1673.

August 14th, 1673, with the prospect of a war with the Dutch, the Court ordered that the respective Troops in the colony, with "500 Dragoones, be prepared and fitted for service forthwith." In case of sending a force out of the country, the following officers were appointed: HARTFORD County, Benj. Newbery, Capt.; Nich. Olmstead, Lieut.; John Wadsworth, Ensign. NEW LONDON, James Avery, Capt.; Thos. Tracy, Lieut.; John Denison, Ensign. NEW HAVEN, Robert Treat, Capt.; Thos. Munson, Lieut.; Saml. Newton, Ensign. FAIRFIELD, Mr. Thos. Fitch, Capt.; Jehu Burr, Lieut.; Matthew Sherwood, Ensign. The following November Major Talcott was appointed Commander-in-chief of all the forces; Major Robert Treat, second in command; Thos. Bull superseded Capt. Newbury; Wm. Curtice was appointed instead of Mr. Fitch; Capt. Nash succeeded Major Treat; and Thos. Trowbridge was made Commissary.

In 1675, the Captain of the New Haven Company was William Roswell, and the Lieutenant, Thomas Trowbridge. In the militia, the quota of a full company was sixty-four men, and entitled the company to a captain. Thirty-two members gave right to a lieutenant, and twenty-four to sergeant. A similar rule, perhaps, applied to a troop, with different numbers.

WINDSOR TROOPERS (1676).

In an old "Book of Rates," at Windsor, is found the following list of troopers:

Capt. John Bissell.

John Bissell jr

Nathl. Bissell

Capt. Daniel Clark

Edward Chapman

Thomas Strong

John Horsford

Anthony Hoskins

Daniel Hayden

Joseph Loomis

Nathl. Loomis John Terry

Capt. Saml. Marshall

John Moses

Thomas Moore

Mr. John Porter

Mr. Henry Sanders

Mr. Henry Wolcott

-

The militia officers in Connecticut, just previous to Philip's War, were as follows, so far as records show:

FARMINGTON

William Lewis, Capt.; John Standly, Lieut., 1674

GUILFORD

George Bartlet, Lieut.; Saml. Kitchel, Ensign, 1665; John Graves, Ensign, 1667

HARTFORD

John Allyn, Capt.; Thomas Watts, Lieut.; Nathl. Standley, Ensign, 1673-5

MILFORD

Robert Treat, Capt.; William Fowler, Lieut., 1665-6

NEW HAVEN

John Nash, Capt.; Thomas Munson, Lieut., 1665; and John Miles, Ensign, 1673. Nathl. Merriman, Saml. Whitehead,
Roger Allyn, and James Bishop, Sergts

LYME

William Waller, Lieut., 1671

NORWICH

Francis Griswold, Lieut.; Thos. Tracy, Ensign, 1665; John Mason, Lieut.; Thomas Leffingwell, Ensign, 1672

NORWALK

John Olmsted, Ensign, 1674

NEW LONDON

Waitstill Winthrop, Capt.; James Avery, Lieut.;
Gabriel Harris, Ensign, 1665

RYE

Joseph Horton, Lieut., 1666

SAYBROOK

Robt. Chapman, Capt., 1675; Wm. Pratt, Lieut.; William Waller, Ensign, 1661

STAMFORD

Jona. Sellick, Capt., 1675

STONINGTON

Thomas Minor, Capt., 1665; Samuel Mason, Lieut., 1672

STRATFORD

William Curtis, Capt.; Joseph Judson, Lieut.; Stephen Barrett, Ensign, 1672

WALLINGFORD

Nathaniel Merriam, Lieut., 1672; Saml Munson, Ensign, 1675

WETHERSFIELD

Samuel Wells, Capt., 1670; John Chester, Lieut., 1672; William Goodrich, Ensign, 1665

 MASSACHUSETTS COLONY

GOVERNORS AND DEPUTY GOVERNORS

JOHN ENDICOTT, 1629, 1644, 1649, 1655-1665.
JOHN WINTHROP, 1630-1634, 1637-1640, 1642-1644, 1646-1649.
THOMAS DUDLEY, 1634, 1640, 1645, 1650.
JOHN HAYNES, 1635.
HENRY VANE, 1636.
RICHARD BELLINGHAM, 1641, 1654, 1665-1672.
JOHN LEVERETT (acting), 1672.
JOHN LEVERETT, 1673-1679.
SIMON BRADSTREET, 1679-1686.

DEPUTY GOVERNORS

THOMAS DUDLEY, 1629-'34, '37-'40, '46-'50, '51-'53.
ROGER LUDLOW, 1634.
RICHARD BELLINGHAM, 1635, '40, '53, '55-'65.
JOHN WINTHROP, 1636, '44-'46.
JOHN ENDICOTT, 1641-'44, '50, '54.
FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY, 1665-'71.
JOHN LEVERETT, 1671-'73.
SAMUEL SYMONDS, 1673-'78.
SIMON BRADSTREET, 1678-1686.

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