A Genealogical Dictionary of  The First Settlers of New England,
Before 1692

Volume #4
Winsor - Winthrop 

By James Savage

Special thanks to Robert Kraft and his assistant, Benjamin Dunning for scanning this book and to Warren Wetmore for perfecting the text and providing technical help in presenting this work for researchers to enjoy.

WINSOR, or WINSOR, JOHN, Boston, of wh. no more is heard, but that by w. Mary he had Martha, b. 22 Aug. 1667, posthum. for his inv. [[vol. 4, p. 604]] was tak. above six mos. bef. Prob. he had earlier Martha, as ment. in will of Thomas Emmos, 20 Jan. 1661, abstr. in Geneal. Reg. XII. 346, also in the will of Emmons's wid. 30 Mar. 1666, where is nam. ano. Winsor, Hannah, and the t.e mo. of th, isl is seen in Gene Reg. XV. 321. JOSEPH, Sandwich 1643, had come from Lynn 1637, where, perhaps, Lewis call. him John, and, in Hist. of Duxbury, it is said that he sw. alleg. 1657. 

JOSHUA, Providence 1637, said by tradit. to be s. of Samuel, and was by Roger Williams, rec. with a doz. others, as first purchas. in equal sh. and the indistinct mem. of his descend. renders it prob. that he brot. a w. whose name is not heard, had Samuel, Sarah, Susanna, and Mary; but no date of b. m. or d of parents or ch. are found; but he was liv. 1655, on the list of freem. JOSHUA, Boston, s. of Robert of the same, had been a serv. of the first Gov. Winthrop, was mem. of Mather's or sec. ch. freem. 1678, by w. Sarah had William, b. 26 Nov. 1672, d. soon; Sarah, 3 Nov. 1673; William, again, 2 Sept. 1677; Joshua, 7 Nov. 1679, prob. d. young; Joshua, again, 16 Mar. 1684; and Elizabeth 23 Dec. 1689; was constable 1686, and he d. Nov. 1717. His will of 9th pro. 25th of that mo. in Vol. XX. 53, names w. Sarah and ds. Sarah Sherand, and Rebecca Wilkinson, the latter nam. extrix. and both hav. childr. Yet when Rebecca was b. is not found in the rec. but she had first been w. of Thomas Leverett, wh. d. 1706, and next m. 4 Dec. 1712, Edward Wilkinson, as by the diligence of Winsor in Hist. of Duxbury set forth. Hutch. II. 223, ment. the epedemic by wh. so many people, over 70 yrs. of age, were this yr. 1717, tak. off, and among the cases were those of Henry Deering with his w. in one grave, and Robert Winsor and his w. in ano. all in one evening; wh. the writer of the Hist. of Duxbury, 340, has rec. without suspicion, as from Hutch. we usually may, tho. here, I doubt not, Joshua is intend. 

ROBERT, Boston 1644, a turner, by w. Rebecca had John, bapt. 16 Feb. 1645, a. 5 days old, perhaps d. young; Joshua, 13 June 1647," upon 7 days old;" Mary, 30 Dec. 1649, a. 2 days; Thomas, b. 30 Sept. bapt. 3 Oct. 1652, d. young; Rebecca, 20, bapt. 31 Dec. 1654; Constance, 7, bapt. 10 May 1657; Thomas, again, 1, bapt. 9 Oct. 1659; Sarah, 7, bapt. 11 May 1662; Samuel, by town rec. 18, bapt. 25 Sept. 1664, by the name of William, if ch. rec. be good; Lydia, 1, bapt. 5 Aug. 1666; John, 22, bapt. 25 Apr. 1669 by the name of Elizabeth unless we suppose confusion in the rec. of bapt. the same day of John, s. of William Read. He d. 1679, mak. his will 24 Apr. pro. 13 May of that yr. but no light is furnish. by it, exc. that wid. Rebecca was thot. worthy to have all his prop. for her life, and that equal div. not such as the law gave, should be made among the ch. aft. her d. but how many of the eleven were alive is unkn. for they have no names. 

SAMUEL, Providence, [[vol. 4, p. 605]] s. of Joshua of the same, m. Mercy, youngest d. of Roger Williams, wid. of Resolved Waterman, had Samuel, Joshua, and Hannah, but no dates are giv. exc. by infer. for Samuel, wh. preach. says the tradit. from 1733 to his d. in Nov. 1758, "aged 81 yrs. lacking one day," so that it may be guess. that he was b. 1677. The f. d. I suppose, in early life, for his wid. m. John Rhoades, and brot. him childr. THOMAS, Boston, s. of Robert of the same, by w. Rachel had Joshua, and Caleb, b. 29 Dec. 1692; Rebecca, 19 Mar. 1698; Robert, 16 Apr. 1699; and Mary, 24 Mar. 1701. WALTER, found by the mod. historian of Duxbury, a subject of animadv. by the Ct. 1671, for sell. liquor to Ind. but he can name no town in that Col. for resid. WILLIAM, is a traditional or mythical ancest. of the Duxbury fam. said to have come from Devonsh. to Boston, but too mod. for my pages.

WINSTON, or WENSTONE, JOHN, New Haven, had Elizabeth b. 11 Dec. 1649, bapt. aft. a yr. old, prob. 15 Dec.; Esther, 25 Jan. bapt. 15 Feb. 1652, prob. d young; Grace, 21 Apr. perhaps bapt. 30 of the same, certain. not as the wretched rec. says, 30 May of the same yr.; John, 21 Apr. 1657, as the careful town rec. has it, but whether the rec. of bapt. means anything in calling the name Christian, and giving a false date, bec. an impossib. one, for bapt. is to be left in uncertainty; Esther, again, 11 Nov. 1662, and bapt. bef. 25 Mar. foll. is all that John Davenport's rec. supplies, but by scrupulous Mr. Herrick, libr. of Y. C. I am furnish. with one more ch. Mary, 24 June 1667. He was serg. and held in good esteem by fellow cit. d. prob. 1697. His will of 2 Mar. in that yr. names Samuel Alling, wh. had m. 24 Oct. 1667, his d. Elizabeth; John Smith, wh. had m. 24 Oct. 1672, his d. Grace, whose ws. were d.: his d. Esther, wh. m. 2 June 1680, Joseph Morris; and Mary, wh. m. 16 Oct. 1685, Thomas Trowbridge. JOHN, New Haven, s. of the preced. m. 9 May 1682, Elizabeth d. of Stephen Daniel of the same, had John, b. 13 Mar. 1683; John, 25 July 1685; Mary, 12 Mar. 1688; Stephen and Daniel, tw. 18 Aug. 1690; and Ann, 23 May 1697.

WINSWORTH, ROBERT, Boston, by w. Rebecca had John, b. 10 Feb. 1646; but nothing more is kn. of him.

WINTER, CHRISTOPHER, Scituate, m. Jane Cooper, perhaps d. of John of the same, with some irreg. in publish. the banns, for wh. he was fin. 10s. and aft. was excommunic. but with protest against such treatm. by Vassal and Hatherly, so that we may feel assured there could be no moral obliquity; had Martha, wh. m. 1668, John Hewett, and Mary, wh. m. the same yr. John Reed; but Deane tells not of his hist. further, than that he aft. liv. in that part of Plymouth wh. bec. Kingston, d. 22 Dec. 1683, at Marshfield. EDWARD, Marblehead 1668. 

JOHN, Watertown 1636, a tanner, brot. from Eng. s. John, prob. two yrs. old, [[vol. 4, p. 606]] but from his will of 4 Mar. pro. 16 June 1662, in wh. he ment. s. Richard, Thomas, and d. Alice Lachman, all of London, it may seem they were left behind, for neither is heard of on our side of the water. He d. 14 or 21 Apr. (as reports vary) at great age, and perhaps was f. of that Hannah wh. m. at Malden, Nov. 1653, Robert Burditt. JOHN, Scituate 1637, by Deane thot. br. of Christopher, but very little could he give us a. him, exc. that he was found d. suppos. by violence, in that his wid. m. James Turner, and that he left d. Catharine, s. John, bapt. 1 Apr. 1638, and Obadiah. JOHN, Scarborough 1638, "a grave and discret man" liv. chiefly at Richman's Isl. was sent out 1632, by Trelawney and other fishermen of Cornwall to oversee their, people, acquir. large est. had m. at Plymouth, Co. Devon, but in 1640 sued George Cleves for defam. of his w. Yet Cleves was foreman of the gr. jury that same yr. Such charges and the occasions. for them were too common in the early days of that Province. He seems to exhibit some spirit of independ. 4 July 1663, against royal commiss. and republican usurpers, as in Geneal. Reg. V. 264 may be read. But some other person than the early sett. of this name, must there be intend. for Willis in his noble Hist. of Portland, I. 26, shows that Winter d. 1645. His d. prob. only ch. m. aft d. of her f. Rev. Robert Jordan, wh. had admin. in 1648. 

JOHN, Watertown, s. of John of the same, b. in Eng. prob. as he calls hims. 56 yrs. old at mak. his will, 12 Dec. 169o, pro. 1 May foll. It names no w. but three s. and three ds. John, Thomas, and Samuel, Sarah, Hannah, and Mary, but dates of b. are not found in Bond. Mary m. 17 Nov. 1681, John Harrington. JOHN, Watertown, s. of the preced. liv. as did his f. the larger part of their days at Canbridge Farms, now Lexington, had Sarah, bapt. 22 Apr. 1688; Hannah, 22 June 1690; John; Thomas; Abigail; and Patience, bapt. 12 Sept. 1698; of none of wh. does Bond discover the mo. or state whether he had more than one w. TIMOTHY, Braintree, of wh. nothing more definite was told by Farmer, or is heard by me, than that he was there early; still it may be worth insert. as affording me an opportun. for testif. that in his own copy F. had stricken out the name. WILLIAM, Lynn, perhaps the same as Witter.

WINTERTON, THOMAS, Providence 1657.

WINTHROP, ADAM, fifth s. of the first Gov. John, b. at Groton, Co. Sutffk. came in the Lion with his mo. arr. 2 Nov. 1631, m. prob. in Feb. 1642, Elizabeth d. of that Rev. Jose Glover, wh. had d. on his passage hither, and whose wid. m. Presid. Dunster. Such may be the reasonab. construct. of an "Indenture between Gov. W. and his w. and s. Adam on one part, and Dunster and capt. Cook of Cambridge on the other, to stand seized of Governor's isl. in the harb. of Boston to the use of said [[vol. 4, p. 607]] Adam and Elizabeth and the heirs, &c.&c." bear. date 1 Feb. 1642, in considerat. of a m. intend. between them. By her, I suppose, was b. Adam, 15, bapt. 31 Oct. 1647, H. C. 1668, the first of the fam. in our Coll. Catal. and he was the only ch. unless a vague report of a d. Mary be accept. If there were one, she prob. d. near the same time with her mo. Sept. 1648, and the Col. Rec. III. 292, calls him the only ch. He was adm. of our ch. 4 July 1640, and freem. 2 June foll. and he had sec. w. Elizabeth d. of Thomas Hawkins. He d. prob. suddenly, 24 AuG. 1652, little over three yrs. aft. his f. and only 32 yrs. 4 mos. and a few days old. His wid. m. 3 May 1654, John Richards, but prob. brot. no ch. to either h. 

ADAM, Boston, only ch. of the preced. was freem. 1683, rep. in 1689-92, as he was one of Mather's ch. memb. the king, by adv. of M. nam. him of the Govr's. Council in the new chart, but the first popular elect. May 1693 left him out, as, also, one or two others of Mather's men; and he d. 3 Aug. 1700. Of the time of m. or b. of his ch. or bapt. of them, I have not heard, and this might seem strange, when the rec. shows that he and his w. Mary, d. of Col. Luttrell of Bristol, Eng. were rec. into the ch. 30 Apr. 1682. But the m. was in Eng. and there the childr. were b. From his will of 29 July 1700, pro. 5 Sept. foll. as in our Vol. XIV. 209, we find the w. Mary, s. Adam, H. C. 1694, and d. Mary, wh. m. 9 Mar. 1703, John Ballentine, ment. the w. s. and cousin John Appleton of Ipsich being made excors. 

DEANE, Boston, sixth s. of the first Gov. John, b. in Eng. and there by his f. left at sch. brot. by his br. John in the Abigail, 1635, at 12 yrs. of age, ar. co. 1644, by w. Sarah, d. of Jose Glover, had Deane, bapt. 15 June 1651, d. soon; Deane, again, b. 6 Sept. bapt. 23 Oct. 1653; John, prob. 1655; Sarah, 11 Feb. bapt. 24 May 1657; Margaret, 25 July, bapt. 2 Sept. 1660; Elizabeth 9 July, bapt. 23 Aug. 1663; Jose, 3 May, bapt. 10 June 1666; Priscilla, 1, bapt. 16 May 1669; Mercy, 18 Jan. 1673, but no rec. of bapt. is seen; he was adm. freem. 1665, and d. 16 Mar. 1704. His name was deriv. from Sir John Deane, half br. of his mo. a d. of that Sir John Tindal wh. m. the wid. of William Deane, the f. of Sir John. Tho. he was early engag. with his uncle Downing in project of a new settlem. on the Nashua riv. below Lancaster, and lying on the Merrimack, that afterward was nam. Groton out of complim. to his birthplace, his resid. was always at Pulling point in the harbor of Boston, and the place has been recent. erect. into a corpor. town by the name of Winthrop. Elizabeth m. Samuel Kent. By d. of his s. Jose, 15 Nov. 1702, the hope of perpetuat. in male line, I presume, ceas. for his will of 29 of next m. pro. 27 Apr. 1704, as may be seen in Vol. XV. 373, gives to w. Martha (but wh. she was, or whether she had ch. is unkn. to me); to gr.s. Deane, John and Jotham Grover, wh. were ch. [[vol. 4, p. 608]] of his d. Margaret, whose h. was Jotham Grover; to gr.d. Priscilla Adams, but if she d. then £150. to her f. Eliab Adams, wh. is quite a stranger to me, and was h. of Priscilla; to gr.d. Priscilla Hough, d. of his d. Mercy, wh. had m. 11 Jan. 1700, Atherton Hough, with the same provision for her as in the case of Adams's ch. 

FITZ-JOHN, New London, eldest s. of John, disting. as first Gov. of the unit. Col. of Conn. no doubt was b. in Ipswich, went to Eng. early, and with commiss. from the s. of the gr.Protector, of 11 Sept. sign. Richard P.....was a lieut. in Read's reg. of infantry 1658, with promot. as capt. 21 Dec. 1659, in Scotland; ano. commissn. 25 Feb. foll. and a third 23 June 1660, in the same regim. all sign. George Monck, just bef. and aft. the restor. of Charles II. to wh. no doubt he gladly contrib. with all the rest of the army and people; came back, perhaps, when his f. brot. the new chart. certain. was here in 1664, was rep. 1671, serv. in Philip's war, is usually titled major then, in 1686 was of Andros's council, taking his seat on the last day of Dec. and on recovery of liberty in 1689, an Assist. of the Col. command. 1690, the force destin. for Canada by land to cooperate with the naval of Sir William Phips, went to Eng. 1693, agent for the Col. and was chos. into the Royal Soc. and soon aft. his ret. in 1698, made Gov. and so by an elect. to his d. wh. occur. 27 Nov. 1707, at Boston. In the same tomb are the remains of his f. Gov. of Conn. and of his gr.f. the first Gov. of Mass. His name in the town and Col. rec. usually appears John, without the prior syllab. as that of his br. in the same rec. is curtail. of the latter. Only one ch. is heard of, Mary, wh. m. Col. John Livingston, and d. 8 Jan. 1713, leav. no ch. and the name of the mo. was Elizabeth d. of George Tongue, wh. outliv. the Gov. and d. 25 Apr. 1731, aged 78. 

HENRY, elder br. of Deane, and sec. s. of the first Gov. had m. in Eng. 25 Apr. 1629, his cous. Elizabeth d. of Thomas Fones of London, apothecary, had Martha, bapt. 9 May 1630, at Groton , while he was on his voyage with the first Gov. and was drown. 2 July at Salem, soon aft. arr. The wid. came over with his br. John, prob. the next yr. early in Nov. for in Jan. foll. the Gov. in his Hist. takes notice of Robert Feake as her h. JOHN, Boston, the only s. of Adam, b. at Edwardstone adj. Groton, Co. Suffk. at the home of the f. of his mo. 12 Jan. 1588, but of his educ. we have no details. Prob. he was at the sch. of high reput. at Bury St. Edmunds, or at Cambridge, where he was aft. 12 yrs. of age, but his early m. at the age of 17 yrs. hardly allows the univ. In the princip. of the common law, the solid foundat. of free governm. he was thorough. instruct. and pursued the practice in London and on circuits fifteen yrs. or more, holding chambers in the Temple, not giv. up the profess. until a few mos. bef. his resolut. to sett. in America. His f. d. early in 1623, and was bur. [[vol. 4, p. 609]] 28 Mar. but this s. was sev. yrs. bef. lord of the manor of G. as the f. had been, and patron of the ch. Educat. as he was in the moderate princip. of the puritans in ch. and state, he naturally felt the sympathy for the settlem. of this part of America, widely diffus. with their relig. sentim. in all the E. coast of the mother country, and was engag. at the meeting for the good cause, at Cambridge, 26 Aug. 1629, when Sir Richard Saltonstall, Dudley, Johnson, Pyncheon, Vassal, Humfrey, Colbron, Nowell, and others unit. with him to bind themseles, in the presence of God, to embark the foll. spring, "to pass the seas to contin. and inhab. in N. E. provided" that "THE WHOLE GOVERNM. TOGETHER WITH THE PATENT FOR THE SAID PLANTA. BE FIRST BY AN ORDER OF CT. LEGALLY TRANSFER. AND ESTABL. TO REMAIN WITH US AND OTHERS WH. SHALL INHAB. UPON THE SAID PLANTA." 

In pursuance of this design, wh. had first been project. by Gov. Cradock, and at the gen. meet. of the comp. in London, on 28 July preced. submit. "NOT TO CONTIN. THE GOVERNM. IN SUBORDIN. TO THE COMP. HERE, AS NOW IT IS," the vote of the whole body of the Corpo. on 29 Aug. aft. at London was adopt. On 20 Oct. Cradock and the other officers under the chart. resign. and "upon serious deliberat." in the nominat. of Winthrop, Saltonstall, Johnson, and Humfrey for Gov. "the said Mr. W. was, with a gen. vote and full cons. of this Ct. by erect. of hds. chos. to be Gov. for the ensuing yr. to begin on this present day," and the rec. goes on to furnish the sentence, "wh. was pleas. to accept thereof, and thereupon took the o. to that place appertain." At the same time were chos. dep-.gov. and eighteen Assist. See Mass. Col. Rec. I. 49-60. On p. 70 is the rec. of the LAST meet. of Assist. in Eng. when, as at all intermd. ones, Winthrop presid. and this was held on board the Arbella, 23 Mar. 1629-30, at Southhampton; but the same vol. in the very next sentence shows that the FIRST meet. or "Court of Assist. was holden 23 Aug. 1630 at Charlton," no doubt in the "great house;" and it is equal. clear that the same man is there act. as Gov. So precisely, in the next foll. forty sessions of Assist. of Gen. Ct. Winthrop sat, by annual choice, as Gov. until the elect. in 1634, of Thomas Dudley. He, of course, was the next Gov. of Mass. Col. aft. Cradock, wh. never came over; and, therefore, W. was the earliest Charter Gov. here. Very strange might seem the error of the Hist. of Boston, by Mr. Drake, so valuab. for its many marks of industry, p.94, in mak. the elect. of W. as Gov. on board the Arbella, at Charlestown, on Monday, 23 Aug. aft. arr. tho. Prince, the judic. annalist, had giv. caution to all readers ninety-eight yrs. bef. of the mistake of capt. Johnson in this very point. 

See Hale's ed. of Prince, 314. This error our Hist. of Boston would sanctify, without consider. first, that the Arbella was this day prob. half [[vol. 4, p. 610]] way across the ocean on her return voyage; or, sec. that the election must, by chart. be made on the last Wednesday of Easter term, whereas this was almost the last Monday of Trinity; or, final. and especial. that this was not a court of elections at all, but a Court of Assist. the rec. being plain eno. 

It ought, however, in part, to excuse this blunder, to be noted, that this section of Mr. Drake's Hist. was issued in Jan. 1853, and the first vol. of Col. rec. (tho. accessib. bef. in MS. to everybody) came from the press in the latter part of the same yr. In 1630 there was no election, both people and govrnm. being upon the ocean, in the Arbella, and sev. other ships; the rec. call. Winthrop Gov. at this first meet. in Mass. as at the last meet. in Eng. and Capt. Endicott, wh. had been chos. one of the eighteen Assist. in Oct. 1629, was not qualified by tak. the o. bef. 7 Sept. of NEXT YR. By interchange of office with Dudley and others, W. sometimes was chos. dep.-gov. and sometimes an Assist. yet always by distant corresp. seems to have been regard. as chief in direct. of Colon. affairs. Of any details of his serv. since his life is in the annals of the country, no need is felt of transcript, for on both sides of the ocean he is commonly regard. as the f. of New Eng. He m. 17 Apr. 1605, Mary, d. of John Forth, Esq. of Great Stambridge, Co. Essex, had John, b. 12, bapt. 16 Feb. 1606; Henry, bapt. 19 Jan. 1608; Forth. prob. 1610 at London (wh. was adm. at the univ. of Cambridge, Apr. and matric. 4 July 1626 of Emanuel, in rank of pensioner, betroth. to a maiden, Ursula Sherman, when he d. and was bur. at Groton 23 Nov. 1630); Mary, prob. 1612, at London; Ann, bapt. 8 Aug. 1614, at Groton, bur. the same mo. again, bapt. 26 June 1615, the same day her mo. was bur. and she was bur. three days aft. He m. next, 6 Dec. of the same yr. Thomasine, d. of William Clopton, Esq. of Castleins, Groton, near five yrs. older than hims. had a ch. bapt. 2 Dec. foll. and bur. prob. bef. the mo. wh. was bur. 11 of the same. For third w. he took 29 Apr. 1618, Margaret, d. of Sir John Tindal of Great Maplestead, Co. Essex, a master in chancery, wh. had been assassina. by a suitor (against wh. he made report) 12 Nov. 1616. She was a. three yrs. younger than her h. and had Stephen, bapt. 31 Mar. 1619; Adam, b. 7, bapt. 9 Apr. 1620; unless we may assume (wh. I dare not) the error of a yr. in the ch. reg. of Greton; Deane, 23 Mar. 1623; Nathaniel, 20 Feb. 1625, prob. d. young; Samuel, 26 Aug. 1627; Ann, 29 Apr. 1630, a few wks. aft. her f. left Eng. wh. he never saw, as she d. next autumn, on the voyage hither; William, at Boston, b. 14, bapt. 26 Aug. 1632; and Sarah, bapt. 29 June 1634; both prob. d. soon, as nothing is heard of them aft. This w. d. 14 June 1647, aft. very few hour's illness, and with brevity and elegance, he mark. her charact. in the Hist. II. 310. Martha, wid. of Thomas [[vol. 4, p. 611]] Coytmore, sis. of Increase Nowell, of Charlestown, in Dec. foll. bec. his fourth w. and had Joshua, bapt. 17 Dec. 1648, wh. liv. little more than three yrs. The Gov. d. 26 Mar. 1649, and so totally had he giv. his est. as well as life to the public, that his inv. was only £103.10s. 11d. His wid. m. 10 Mar. 1652, John Coggan of Boston, bef. six. mos. from wh. day all of the sixteen ch. exc. four, John, Stephen, Deane, and Samuel were d. Mary m. 1632 or 3, Samuel Dudley, and d. 12 Apr. 1643. She was the only d. wh. grew up to maturity. Samuel will not seem. to be deserv. of a capital distinct. in this work, bec. he did not reside. in N. E. but m. in Holland, had est. in Antigua, of wh. isl. he was dep.-gov. when he d. a. 1677, had three s. Joseph, Henry, and Samuel, as is said, and three ds. of wh. one m. Gov. Edward Byam, and there d. a. 1700. Ano. d. m. George Thomas, as is said in the Hist. of Antigua. To close this article without giv. extr. from docum. found by me in a governm. office in London 1842, a print. in 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. VIII. 323, would be ungrateful. A letter of 19 Nov. 1632 to Sir John Cooke, princip. Secr. to his Maj. and one of the Privy Counc. from Thomas Wiggin, describes the condit. of Mass. wh. he had lately visit. and proceeds: "for the Gov. hims. I have obs. him to be discreet an sober man, giv. good examp. to all the. plant. wear. plain appar. such as may well beseem a mean man, drink. ordinar. water, and when he is not convers. a. matters of justice, putt. his hand to any ordina. labor with his serv. rul. with much. mildness, and in this partic. 

I observ. him to be strict in execut. of justice upon such as have scandaliz. this state, either in civ. or eccles. governm. to the gr. contentm. of those that are best affect. and to the terror of offend." JOHN, Ipswich, eldest s. of the preced. b. at Groton in Co. Suffk. bred. at Dublin Univ. 1622-5 (not, as Mather says, first at Cambridge), sail. in the great fleet, fitted out under the Duke of Buckingham, in June 1627, for relief of the Hugue nots at Rochelle, serv. as Secr. of Capt. Best of the Due Repulse, but was not encourage by the suceess of that expedit. to further serv. in ld. or naval force, in 1628 was an attache of Sir Peter Wich, the ambass. from Charles I. to Turkey, and the next yr. assist. his f. in prepar. for the gr. work of coloniz. Mass. His f. left his w. and childr. exc. Henry, Samuel, and Stephen, Mar. 1630, under his care, and in of Aug. of next yr. he brot. in the Lion all the rest of the fam. with his own w. Martha, his cous. (d. of Thomas Fones of London, dec.) wh. he m. at the age of 19, 8 Feb. 1631, at Groton. John Eliot, the gr. apostle of the Ind. was a fellowpasseng. and the ship arr. at Boston, 3 Nov. At the elect. in May 1632, being adm. freem. 30 Apr. bef. he was chos. one of the Assist. tho. "not above twenty-three yrs. of age," says heedless Mather, II. cap. XI. when his own figures in the same paragr. made him above twenty-six. [[vol. 4, p. 612]] His num. as a mem. of Boston ch. is 121, and the wife's 130. In Mar. foll. he went to sett. with a small comp. at I. and there w. d. the next yr. Soon aft. he went home, took w. Elizabeth prob. d. of col. Edward Read of Wickford. Co. Essex, and brot. her in Oct. 1635, enmbark. at London, in the Abigail, for Boston, in July. 

On this side of the water he had very import. serv. in direct. as Gov. a new planta. for Lord Say and Seal, his puritan friend, and other gr. associates, at the mouth of Conn. riv. By the first w. no ch. is heard of, but the sec. had Elizabeth bapt. at Boston, 3 July 1636, tho. the copy of town rec (too oft. suppos. orig.) says she was b. 24 of the same; Fitz-John, b. 14 Mar. 1638, perhaps bapt. at Ipswich; Lucy, 28 Jan. bapt. 2 Feb. 1640; Waitstill, 27 Feb. bapt. 6 Mar. 1642; Mary, bapt. 15 Sept. 1644, a. nine days old; all at Boston. He went to found New London, 1645, and carr. his fam. next yr. had there Martha, b. 1646; Margaret; and Ann. Yet the people of Mass. chos. him constant. one of the Assist. thro. that yr. and three foll. and once or twice he took the o. for the office; but in 1647 had been commiss. to execute justice under Conn. jurisdict. tho. not adm. a freem. of that col. bef. 1650, and at the elect. in 1651, was chos. first of the Assist. By annual choice of the people he was made Gov. from May 1657 every yr. till his d. (for wh. purpose their constitut. that permit. no man to be Gov. two yrs. in success. was alter.) even tho. sent in May 1661, to present the congratul. address to the k. wh. he had dr. up, together with petit. for chart. wh. by his judicious agency was obt. 23 Apr. 1662, and by him brot. in Sept. By this very valua. instrum. of liberal privileges, the two Cols. of Conn. and New Haven, were made one Col. At London he was assoc. in the foundat. of the Royal Soc. Oft. he was one of the Congress of the N. E. Colon. and his peculiar sagacity was need. there for gr. affairs, as it had been much tried in the intrigues for so small matter as to draw him from Hartford, aft. he had twice been made head of the Col. to the humbler from jurisdict. of New Haven; as is seen by Davenport's curious letters in 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. X. 21-25. Ano. visit to Eng. in 1675, to obtain from the crown some redress for the vexatious interfer. of Sir Edmund Andros with the liberties of Conn. was in project by him, but the gr. Ind. war prevent. and on 5 Apr. of the next yr. at the meeting of the N. E. congress in Boston, he d. His w. had d. 24 Nov. 1672. Of his will nothing special. deserves notice, but that it was made in his illness, two days bef. his dec. that Rev. Thomas Thacher was one of the two witnesses, that it was pro. 27 July foll. and made all the seven ch. excors. giv. two ninths to ea. of the sons, and one to ea. of the ds. abatem. to be made for the advances to Elizabeth and Lucy, ea. in possessn. of good farms.

November 2000

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