The Treaty of Versailles

Home territory ceded—27,253 square miles, to:

   France—Alsace-Lorraine, 5,605 square miles

   Belgium—Two small districts between Holland and Luxembourg, 400 square miles

   Poland—The Corridor, 16,378 square miles; Upper Silesia, 1,441 square miles

   Czechoslovakia—Upper Silesia, 122 square miles

   Denmark—North Schleswig, 1,542 square miles

   Danzig—West Prussia, 739 square miles

   Lithuania—Memel District, 1,026 square miles

   League of Nations—Saar District, 726 square miles, until January, 1935

Her entire Colonial Empire, estimated at 1,140,117 square miles, with a population of 13,258,000

Her rights in the Shantung Peninsula

Practically all of her navy

Fourteen submarine cables

Her sovereignty over the important rivers of Central Europe and the Kiel Canal

Most of her merchant marine

All of her army, with the exception of 100,000 men, including officers. Germany found a way to get around this restriction. (See page 484) (Use browser back button to return here)

The penalty which Germany should pay as a defeated nation was fixed at $33,000,000,000. Germany was unable to pay such a sum. The Dawes Commission (1924) proposed a plan of reparation payments which all interested nations accepted. Payments were to be in proportion to Germany's economic condition. The Young Plan (1929) fixed the amount of reparations at approximately $8,800,000,000.

In March, 1935, Germany, through Der Reichsführer Adolph Hitler, announced the repudiation of the armament section of the treaty.

American graves unmarked in German cemetery. Strasbourg. Who they were or how they died is unknown.
U. S. "Prisoners or Missing" on Nov. 12, were listed at 22,724. By 1919, when Colonel Ayres compiled his statistics, the number unaccounted for was reduced to 4,500. The latest (1935) figures are 2, 913. We are fairly safe in assuming that this represents the number of unknown American dead. The total "unknown" for all nations runs into hundreds of thousands. After all these years, the governments continue to use the ambiguous terminology, "Prisoners or Missing".

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