Home territory ceded27,253 square miles, to:
FranceAlsace-Lorraine, 5,605 square miles
BelgiumTwo small districts between Holland and Luxembourg, 400 square miles
PolandThe Corridor, 16,378 square miles; Upper Silesia, 1,441 square miles
CzechoslovakiaUpper Silesia, 122 square miles
DenmarkNorth Schleswig, 1,542 square miles
DanzigWest Prussia, 739 square miles
LithuaniaMemel District, 1,026 square miles
League of NationsSaar District, 726 square miles, until January, 1935
Her entire Colonial Empire, estimated at 1,140,117 square miles, with a population of 13,258,000
Her rights in the Shantung Peninsula
Practically all of her navy
Fourteen submarine cables
Her sovereignty over the important rivers of Central Europe and the Kiel Canal
Most of her merchant marine
All of her army, with the exception of 100,000 men, including officers. Germany found a way to get around this restriction. (See page 484) (Use browser back button to return here)
The penalty which Germany should pay as a defeated nation was fixed at $33,000,000,000. Germany was unable to pay such a sum. The Dawes Commission (1924) proposed a plan of reparation payments which all interested nations accepted. Payments were to be in proportion to Germany's economic condition. The Young Plan (1929) fixed the amount of reparations at approximately $8,800,000,000.
In March, 1935, Germany, through Der Reichsführer Adolph Hitler, announced the repudiation of the armament section of the treaty.
|American graves unmarked in German cemetery. Strasbourg. Who they were or how they died is unknown. |
U. S. "Prisoners or Missing" on Nov. 12, were listed at 22,724. By 1919, when Colonel Ayres compiled his statistics, the number unaccounted for was reduced to 4,500. The latest (1935) figures are 2, 913. We are fairly safe in assuming that this represents the number of unknown American dead. The total "unknown" for all nations runs into hundreds of thousands. After all these years, the governments continue to use the ambiguous terminology, "Prisoners or Missing".