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Bennington, VT .......from the 1854 U.S. Gazetteer
A county forming the S.W. extremity of Vermont, has an area of about 700 square miles. It
is drained by the headwaters of Battenkill, Hoosick, andDeerfield rivers, and other small
streams, which furnish abundant water-power. Although some good land is found within the
limits of this county, a greater part of the surface is mountainous and unfitted for
cultivation. The attention of the inhabitants is in great measure turned to manufactures
of cotton and wool. Great quantities of spruce and other lumber are found in all parts of
this county. Indian corn, potatoes, and grass are the staples. In 1850 this county
produced 150,920 bushels of corn; 200,013 of potatoes; 54,600 tons of hay; 502,786 pounds
of butter, and 558,494 of cheese. There were 3 cotton and 4 woollen factories, 4
foundries, 3 grist mills, 2 paper mills, 1 planing mill, 2 powder mills, and 40 saw mills.
It contained 29 churches and 2 newspaper establishments. There were 6177 pupils attending
public schools, and 205 attending academies or other schools. This county contains
quarries of white, gray, and clouded marble, which are extensively worked, and beds of
yellow ochre and iron ore; lead is also sometimes found. The railroad connecting Troy with
Rutland crosses the N. W. part of the county, and that extending from Rutland to
Bennington partly intersects it. Seats of justice, Bennington and Manchester. Population,
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