By Holice, Pam, and Deb
Extra special thanks to Holice B. Young for transcribing this book. The excellent work she does continues to help many researchers! Thanks also, to Pam Rietsch, for sharing her books with genealogists!
HANSEN BROTHERS & CO.
The above firm is composed of Messrs. Theo. W. Hansen and Albert Hansen both of whom were formerly residents of California; their first venture in business in the Puget Sound country was at Seattle, where they opened in their present line of business some seven years ago, and where they to-day have the finest line of jewelry in the city; being alive to the importance of Tacoma as the terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad, they opened a store July 1, 1888, in this city, and met with immediate and unqualified success; another branch will soon be opened at Spokane Falls by this enterprising firm, so that they will then cover the three largest cities in Washington.
Although Hansen Bros. & Co., keep the finest lines of diamonds, watches and jewelry of all descriptions, they make great specialty of optical good and the fitting of all defects in eyesight; they are also the agents of the celebrated Steinway & Sons' and Knabe, as well as nearly all the celebrated makes of pianos and organs.
THE TACOMA CRACKER COMPANY.
Of 938 C Street, are manufacturers of all kinds of fancy biscuits, crackers, ship bread, etc., etc. This concern possess ample capital, and have equipped their large and commodious building with the latest improved machinery. Under the able direction of Mr. William Reid, who oversees the manufacturing department, a quality of good is turned out that cannot be excelled anywhere. Mr. W. W. Sly, well known to the inhabitants of Tacoma, is the responsible manger, and Ed C. Morgan, treasurer.
The company has only been in existence a few months, but the enterprise is meeting with gratifying success, and bids fair in the future to become one of the most successful institutions of the city.
BOERINGER & ANDERSON.
Now located in the
NEW THEATRE BUILDING
Are manufacturers and dealers in Engineering and Optical Instruments, and are Scientific Opticians, fitting the eye according to scientific principles.
DIAMONDS--They attend to the rating and repairing of Chronometers and complicated Watches. The only watch making firm on the coast owning an astronomical observatory. They make a specialty of fine Watches, Chains and Charms.
SURVEYING INSTRUMENTS--are repaired by skilled hands, and anything entrusted to them for repairs receives careful attention.
NAUTICAL INSTRUMENTS--Repairing of Bronzes, Engraving in all its branches. Agency for the Art Engraving Company. Agency for the U. S. Hydrographic Office Charts, and W. & L. E. Gurley Engineering Instruments. HAMPDEN, WALTHAM, ELGIN, HOWARD, ROCKFORD and COLUMBUS WATCH MOVEMENTS.
SETH THOMAS CLOCKS, WATERBURY CLOCKS, GILBERT CLOCKS, FRENCH CLOCKS.
SMITH & TEMPLE.
A well known and enterprising firm of Tacoma is the above, which is composed of Mr. Ward T. Smith, a native of Shelburne Falls, Mass., and Mr. W. S. Temple, formerly from Boston, Mass.; the former after having been some fifteen years a resident of St. Louis, came to Tacoma in February, 1888, while Mr. Temple has been in Tacoma less than a year.
Notwithstanding the short period which they have spent at Tacoma these gentlemen have been successful, and their operations in real estate have been remarkably large; they have platted some very fine additions to Tacoma, and so improved them that they have met with ready sales, which have been profitable investments to the purchasers. They at present are the sole agents for the following named desirable properties: South Tacoma addition to Tacoma; Smith's addition to Tacoma; Clover Lea addition to Tacoma; and the Violet Meadow addition to Tacoma.
The latter addition is one of the grandest for sightliness and beauty yet offered to investors in Tacoma realty; it is due south from the center of the city on a high level prairie commanding fine views of the snow-capped Olympia Range, and of Mount Tacoma. it is five blocks from, Hill Motor Line, now partially built and operated, and being constructed due south toward this addition as fast as men and money can do it.
The addition is a short distance only from the well-known $10,000 Fern Hill schoolhouse, already completed.
ARTHUR L. SMITH.
Has his offices at 1340 Pacific Avenue. Mr. Smith is well worthy of mention among the architects of Tacoma, a gentleman not only of ability, but of long and varied experience in his profession. He was born in St. Louis, Mo., and was intended from his childhood for an architect by his father, who was one of the prominent men in the profession in St. Louis. Therefore, at an early age he put his son as apprentice, with one of the largest builders in the city, and wisely inculcated in him a practical knowledge of building, that has materially aided in giving him his present reputation. After he had thoroughly mastered the groundwork, young Smith went into his father's office, and perfected himself in architecture. Since then he has become a well-known man, and has designed many fine buildings, and superintended their construction, both in the East and the West.
The well-known California Block, on Pacific Ave., owned by David Wilson, of which we present a cut, was erected by Mr. Smith. This building, which is of stone and pressed brick, speaks for itself, and the interior arrangements compare favorably with anything to be found in Chicago, or on the Eastern seaboard. The Gross Bros. Block was also designed and built by Mr. Smith.
WALTERS & CO.
Although one of the most recent firms in this line to establish themselves in the city of Tacoma, their commodious office on the corner of South Tenth and A Streets immediately opposite the Tacoma Hotel, is already recognized as one of the leading centers for real estate transactions in the city.
Formerly Walters & Co.'s principal place of business was at Ellensburgh, the central city in the State of Washington, which is one hundred and twenty-seven miles east of Tacoma, where they were known as the pioneer and leading people of that town in real estate, mines and loans.
The particular line of business policy pursued by this firm, and the opinion entertained by them touching the real estate values of the Northwest, are very plainly set forth in the following interview had with Mr. Walters, the managing partner of the firm.
To the writer, Mr. Waters said: "We established ourselves in Ellensburgh in advance of the construction of the Northern Pacific Railroad to that point. We saw in its local surroundings dormant value-yielding qualifications from the development of which the upbuilding of immense community interests must surely speak." Around Ellensburgh are over 300 miles of productive farming lands; every staple agricultural product peculiar to the Middle and Northern States is here most successfully grown. Diversified farming and diversified live stock growing is also possible in a highly profitable degree. The climatic conditions are such that outdoor work may be carried on fully ten months of the year. Irrigation is necessary to secure the fullest possible yield per acre, but the contour of this agricultural area is such, once fairly established, the system is not only inexpensive, but is wonderfully remunerative, from the fact that a full yield is assured each year, and by this artificial aid, lands may be rendered fit for plowing, except when frozen, throughout the entire year. The principal crops grown for shipping to outside markets yield as follows: Wheat, 30 to 50 bushels per acre; barley, 40 to 55 bushels per acre; oats, 50 to 65 bushels per acre; potatoes, 350 to 600 bushels per acre; timothy hay from one and one-half to three tons per acre. The entire northern half of the county (Kittitas) of which Ellensburgh is the seat of government and commercial center, is a timbered mineral belt, in which most valuable coal, iron, copper and other mining interests have been developed. At the Roslyn coal mines thirty miles from Ellensburgh, some fifteen hundred tons of excellent bituminous coal are mined daily, and additional openings are being made. In and about the coal mining regions a population of some three thousand people has been established, contributing largely to the trade of Ellensburgh, and affording a very excellent market for the local agricultural productions.
The several varieties of commercial iron ores are found in abundance, and exploration of the iron mines is being actively pushed. A limited supply of lime and other valuable fluxes is to be found in the immediate vicinity. Timber is so plentiful and easy of access that the manufacture of charcoal iron may be carried on for a great many years. Careful investigation has determined that pig iron may be made at Ellensburgh at not to exceed fifteen dollars per ton; as that staple commodity costs twenty-eight dollars and upward, net cash, per ton in the Pacific Coast markets, the establishment of at least one blast furnace immediately at Ellensburgh may confidently be expected. In the wake of a blast furnaces will naturally follow the rolling mill, nail factories, foundries, boiler works and various other iron working domestic industries. This latter fact of itself will double Ellensburgh's present population of five thousand within one year from the date the blast furnace is started up; a proportionate increase in general values will naturally result.
Gold mining has been successfully carried on within twenty-five miles of Ellensburgh during the past ten years. By the introduction of better methods, the amount of gold extracted, and profit per miner employed increases each year. From the placer mines some very handsome specimens are taken; only recently a nugget of native gold weighing some twenty-five ounces was found. The gold mining industry yields each year an increasing amount of business to Ellensburgh's commercial sum total.
North and east of Ellensburgh, extending clear up to the British line this mining area continues, being broken here and there by fertile agricultural valleys lying on every
side of the various mountain streams, and a continuous chain of settlements now exists along the entire eastern base of the Cascade Range. In Okanogan County, just south of the boundary line, two thousand men are engaged in the prospecting and development of what are known as the Conconnully silver mines. These mines having successfully passed through three years exploration have an established reputation, and capital is being engaged in their equipment and development for extensive working. A lien of steamboats owned by Tacoma capitalists, secures the principal trade of these mines to Ellensburgh, and the Ellensburgh & North Eastern Railway, ten miles of which is already built, will speedily be pushed into the mines, thus permanently securing the rapidly increasing traffic to Ellensburgh. The same railroad will next year form an intersection with the Washington Central and Seattle, Lake Shore, and Eastern in the heart of the Big Bend wheat fields, thus enabling the Northern Pacific to shorten its route across the continent some ninety miles, and securing to Ellensburgh a large percentage of business from the country east of the Columbia. The local and adjacent trade possibilities of Ellensburgh are very greatly strengthened by the position of the city with reference to the trade centers of Puget Sound; being but one hundred and twenty-five miles from Tacoma, Ellensburgh's agricultural exports and commercial imports are naturally by way of that city.
The real growth of Ellensburgh dates from the completion of the Northern Pacific in 1886; then a hamlet of some six hundred inhabitants, it has now over five thousand population. The county acreage broken up, capital invested various lines of business, and every natural factor in the community make-up, practically doubles each year. The character of the local population and confidence had by them in the city is clearly evident in the manner in which it is being rebuilt. The entire business quarter, comprising some twenty acres, was completely destroyed by fire on the evening of July 4th of this year. Over two million dollars' worth of property destroyed. The work of rebuilding was immediately begun, fire limits were extended, the construction of anything but brick, iron or stone buildings was absolutely prohibited, and the most unshaken confidence in the future of the city was in every way displayed. Since July 12th, over twelve million two hundred and forty thousand brick have been delivered from the local yards.
Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Main, Pearl and Pine streets are already practically rebuilt with first class two and three story bricks. Most remarkable of all attendant features, perhaps, is the fact that not a sheriff's sale or assignment followed the fire, and another important index to the estimate in which Ellensburgh values are held is evidenced by the fact that building loans were readily secured from Eastern companies at lowest rates of interest and upon the highest percentage of valuation ever allowed ina city of like size. No useful or ornamental metropolitan feature was considered too good for Ellensburgh by her enterprising citizens. A splendid electric light system and fine waterworks have already been established; the principal streets are macadamized, and an excellent system of sewerage is being constructed. A street railway system will undoubtedly be introduced next year. The various religious denominations are well represented; by reason of its geographical position. Ellensburgh is very aptly called Washington's central city, and owing to its accessibility, more an three-fourths of the annual assemblages of the various political, religious, and fraternal organizations are now held at that city. The same facts will lead to the location of the seat of government at Ellensburgh when removed from Olympia, and a forty acres park has been proffered to the State government as a gift for state capital uses should the removal occur. Meanwhile, although perfectly willing to accept the capitalian honors, the citizens of Ellensburgh do not base any of their business estimates or undertakings upon any state capital possibilities. Splendid agricultural, mining, manufacturing and shipping possibilities are the corner stone upon which their prosperity is based. It is a common expression, that go where one may, they will not be able to find a more prosperous population of equal number to that of Kittitas County, taking into account what each person had to start with, the long distance from steam shipping (150 miles) prior to the completion of the railroad, and the fact that but two grain crops have yet been exported. Nothing like a real estate boom ever having occurred in the county, both city and county values are moderate, and a broad margin of profit is fully assured to the intelligent investor in either Ellensburgh or surrounding county property.
WALTER & CO., IN TACOMA.
Touring Tacoma, Mr. Walters said; "Last year I spent some six weeks about the hotels in this city and went away without buying anything, my impression being that everything quoted was too high. I could not have shut my eyes and made a purchase offered without being able at this time to realize a profit of 75 to 100 per cent. What I think now is based upon somewhat more extended investigation. Fully aware that between the summit of the Cascade Range and the head of the Commencement Bay there are diversified natural resources fully equal to the upbuilding of a greater city than the Tacoma of to-day, and having discovered that within thirty minutes' journey in any given direction from the city that no estimate of the actual worth of Tacoma realty can at this time be formed, and when the great wealth of natural resources of Central Washington naturally tributary to this city is taken into account in connection with her local and shipping advantages, I believe that for a great many years to come her statisticians with each succeeding year will feel called upon to apologize for their under-estimation of the last preceding."
In Tacoma as in Ellensburgh, Walters & Co., have made a leading feature of the purchase and subdivision of large acreage tracts immediately in the line of the greatest growth of the city. Long experience in this particular
channel has enabled them to discern while values were merely nominal, the popular tendency of purchasers.
They have thus been enabled to secure themselves and their patrons against every possibility of loss, while the resultant profits have been very satisfactory. Business centers in these growing Western cities may for a certain time be diverted from one locality to another, but desirable acreage where the population not only of cities but of counties is doubled annually, is certain ultimately to be included within the magic circle.
To this firm belongs the undoubted honor of introducing to public attention, East Tacoma. Discovering that lands adjacent to the Puyallup Reservation immediately across the bay from this city were held at a less price per acre than were ordinary building lots an equal distance from the water front on this side of the bay, they proceeded to purchase and bond a large area of very favorably conditioned land overlooking in part the city, the Bay and the Sound, splendid views of both Mount Tacoma and the Coast Range being afforded. This property has been platted, and is now on sale. Public opinion having long conceded that upon the opening of the Reservation the entire east side would immediately be built up, Walters & Co. wisely anticipated this happening by taking the preliminary steps. That the movement is a popular one is evidenced by the fact that an entire addition of East Tacoma lots were sold from the plat before the ground could be subdivided. Immediately upon the beginning of this undertaking, contracts were immediately let by the Commencement Bay Improvement and other companies for the construction of large ocean docks and extensive milling and manufacturing establishments at the head of bay and extending toward the east side as far as possible toward the Reservation, thus justifying the conclusion at which Walters & co., had arrived, to the effect that the great manufacturing and shipping industries of Tacoma must ultimately surround the entire head and the eastern side of the bay, and cause East Tacoma property, even though a small strip of the Reservation might temporarily intervene, to advance rapidly in value, by reason of its convenience for the establishment of homes.
Purchasing this acreage at nominal figures, they are enabled to make popular prices. To use on of their true advertising expressions, they believe an East Tacoma $33, $44, or $75 lot to have a $330, $440, or $750 future, and that with the splendid progress attained by Tacoma proper lying in full sight of East Tacoma as a guarantee of its future, an increase of fully one hundred per cent per annum for several years to come, may safely be expected by purchasers of East Tacoma property at the nominal prices of today. Already an advance of 75 per cent has taken place in acreage adjacent to the East Tacoma plats, and the occurrence of any one of several very profitable happenings will send East Tacoma values up fully one thousand per cent in a trice.
The West side water front being wholly occupied by the present railroads, the several transportation lines now building this way will be obliged to occupy the East. Tacoma water front, either by purchase, lease or condemnations of that portion of the Reservation lands, and the moment
That ground may be broken along the East shore, another of Walters & Co.'s expressive utterances to the effect that the greatest real estate advances that the world ever saw will one day occur in East Tacoma, will be practically realized.
That East Tacoma is not wholly an undeveloped region at this time may be gleaned from the several illustrations and particularly that of the St. George Industrial Academy, at which all branches of English language and various industrial arts are taught. Sister Helena from the Mother House at Glenn Riddle, Delaware County, Pa., is immediately in charge. The society owns 160 acres of valuable land, and will make this school a leading educational feature.
Maps, prices, and any information desired touching real estate or loans will be promptly furnished by this firm.
In conclusion, we desire to say that Mr. Walters' statements have been made conservatively and in the case of both Ellensburgh and East Tacoma, he has treated the subjects entirely without exaggeration; the visitor cannot fail to notice the grand location, transportation facilities and natural and as yet almost undeveloped resources of Ellensburgh. In linking the destinies of this city in certain ways to those of Tacoma, Mr. Walters has shown wisdom and foresightedness and his experience in real estate and mining matters is such that his opinion is greatly sought for and worth having.
There is no doubt as to the fulfillment of his predictions concerning East Tacoma; there is no question today in the mind of any one acquainted with the location of the reservation opposite. Tacoma proper as to its being opened within a very short period; and when this is done, the map before us shows conclusively how it must affect Eat Tacoma, which is today progressing so fast on its own merits.
MANGUM & WHEELER.
This firm does a very large general real estate business. Their comfortable offices are centrally located on A Street, opposite of Tacoma Hotel. There specialty is in buying and handling improved property for non-resident capital, and this field they have cultivated with such gratifying results as to make their reputation for accuracy and keenness of judgment stand very high in the community. Mr. Caraon L. Mangum is the active member of the firm, and a hustler when he starts out, while the other member, Mr. Willis Wheeler, is possessed of large landed interests in the vicinity of Tacoma. One of these gentlemen recently told the writer that he had sold a property to an Eastern man for $40,000 a few months age, which, at the present time, was paying--independent of the rising value of the real estate--a profit of 30 per cent on the investment. The National Bank of commerce and Merchants National Bank of Tacoma both indorse Mangum & Wheeler, and a better firm to deal with by investing capitalists cannot be selected.
ALBRIGHT & MANNING.
This firm of real estate dealers and brokers deals specially in investments for non-residents, also loan money at current rates. They have choice hop, hay, garden, farm and timber lands for sale. Their rooms are at 1 and 2, Wright Block.
Mr. Robert S. Albright, of this firm, was born in Madison, New Jersey. At an early age his parents removed to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, at which place he spend his childhood and youth. In 1878 he left the paternal roof, and removed to San Francisco. Being a man of keen observation, he closely watched the movements of the great railroads, and the tide of emigration, and foresaw that Western Washington, with her sheltered harbor, her inexhaustible supply of coal, iron, timber and the unlimited acreage of fertile lands was destined in a few years to surpass any other country in rapidity or development. With these facts in view, Mr. Albright left San Francisco and settled in Tacoma in 1881, engaging in the transportation business as chief clerk of the operating department of the Oregon Railway & Navigation company, which position he retained until 1887, resigning his position to engage in the real estate and loan business in Tacoma.
Chas. T. Manning, the junior member of this firm, first saw the light of day in the little town of Abington, Wayne County, Indiana, where he resided with his parents until 1873, during which year his father removed with his family to Salem, Oregon. The rudiments of his education were completed in the Willamette University in that city. Young Manning early evinced an inclination for mathematics, and particularly for civil engineering, which eventually led him to join the engineering corps of the Northern Pacific Railroad Co., with which he remained until 1883. We next see Mr. Manning as chief accountant with the Carbon Hill Coal Company, and it was during this period that he formed the acquaintance of Mr. R. S. Albright, which finally led to the establishment of the firm of Albright & Manning in the fall of 1888. The firm launched forth under very favorable auspices. The irreproachable character of both members of the firm, the untiring energy, strict integrity and business ability, coupled with a constant effort to please their customers, with the unprecedented record of having never make a sale which has not netted a handsome profit to the buyer, both resident and non-resident, places this firm ina most enviable position. To an observant man the cause of this success is readily apparent, which is, that they have always refused (even when very flattering terms were offered) to handle anything which could be termed as "wild-cat" property.
The transferring of a piece of realty through this firm, whether it be a business lot or an acre tract, is a sufficient guarantee that it is what a Wall Street man would call a "purchase."
Parties seeking investment in realty in Tacoma or vicinity will subserve their interests by calling on or entering into correspondence with this firm. They refer to the National Bank of Commerce. This firm will take pleasure in furnishing any necessary information.
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