Tacoma Illustrated

Tacoma Illustrated
Her History, Growth & Resources
A Comprehensive Review of the 
City of Destiny
Chapter 14


By Holice, Pam, and Deb

Extra special thanks to Holice B. Young for transcribing this book.  The excellent work she does continues to help many researchers!  Thanks also, to Pam Rietsch, for sharing her books with genealogists!


Page 66


When the Lake City Land company, and the Lake City Railway and Navigation Company were incorporated, and the news was given to the public, it was not fully understood that another gigantic enterprise was on foot for the building up of Tacoma, that is only equaled by the improvement made by the Tacoma Land Company. the organizing of these two companies meant the platting of a suburban city in one of the most picturesque portions of the country surrounding Tacoma, that would be eventually connected with the city by a substantial railroad.

In December, 1888, Messrs. F. C. Ross, C. A. E. Naubert, Fremont Campbell, J. D. Smith, L. T. Root, T. R. Jordan and R. B. Mullen, purchased 320 acres of land situated south of Tacoma some nine miles, and bordering on American Lake, the finest sheet of fresh water in Western Washington. The scenery from this location is unsurpassed. The lake, with it irregular wooded shore line, lies to the south, while in the distance the Cascade Mountains loom up, and grand old Mount Tacoma stands for the conspicuously in all its rugged splendor. To the southwest for a considerable distance, the prairie stretches away until it is lost in the woodland in the far distance, forming a lovely panorama, unequaled anywhere.

American Lake with its placid surface dotted with wooded islands, its picturesque inlets and bays, has a shore line of about fifteen miles. Until a comparatively short time ago it was the undisturbed home of the eagle and wild ducks, but now the scene is changed to one of bustling activity. The shrill whistle of the steamboat is now heard, as the handsome steamer Lake City crosses the lake with a party of excursionists, and on a fine day sail and rowboats are seen on every side. These crafts were placed upon the lake by the Lake City Land Company, and have their headquarters at the handsome boathouse at the foot of Lake City Avenue, one of the principal streets in the town site.

Soon after Lake City was platted, it was placed upon the market, and many at once invested largely, and still retain the land purchased, as lots have considerably increased in value. At present the town site has been withdrawn from the market, and no more property will be sold until the railroad between Lake City and Tacoma is finished, which will most probably be very speedily.

It may be safely said that there is not a better piece of engineering than the grade of the Lake City Railroad. Mr. R. B. Mullen, the assistant general manager, has devoted his entire lifetime to civil engineering, and it was under his personal supervision that the grade was established. The Tacoma terminus of the road forms a junction with the Tacoma Street Railway company, the Allen C. Mason Electric Street Railway, and several other systems in the western part of the city, while the Lake City terminus is at the junction of Washington and Lake City Boulevards. The equipment of the line (which is a narrow gauge) consists of two Baldwin engines of 14 tons each, three coaches, one combination baggage and freight car, and eight flat cars.

The gentlemen enlisted in lake City are among the most prominent in Tacoma, and are men who when they once start to do anything, always exert every effort to attain their object, regardless of money or time, their intention in this case is to build a city in the vicinity of Tacoma that will be a beautiful pleasure resort as well as a location for the erection of residences for those who wish quiet and peaceful surroundings, and where the constant noise of the city is never heard, combined with an easy access to the business portion of Tacoma. Besides many large and costly residences that are to be built in Lake City, the company intends constructing a commodious hotel, bathhouse, laying out a public park, besides other attractions.

The real estate firms of Ross & Naubert, and Smith, Root & Jordan, are agents for Lake City, and will promptly give any information that may be applied for.


It is with pleasure that we introduce in the pages of "Tacoma Illustrated" the name of this well-known gentleman. It is to him, to a very great extent, that Tacoma owes its thanks for the substantial appearance for which it is so justly famous. Mr. Huntington has for many years been engaged, and more than one public work has been completed under his direction. When he first came to the Pacific Coast, in 1867, he was engaged upon the construction of the State capital building at Sacramento, California, at which work he made a great success. In 1874, Mr. Huntington moved to Victoria, B. C., and between the year of 1874-'80 constructed, under contrast, some of the excellent buildings in that city that were erected in that time. While engaged in business there, Mr. Huntington, with others, secured the contract for the construction of the Esquimaux dry docks at Victoria, but owing to intrigue on the part of the government officials, was unable to complete the work; thus Mr. Huntington suffered severely, losing considerable money. Shortly after this he came to Washington, engaging in contracting, with great success.

Beside contracting Mr. Huntington owns one of the most valuable brick yards on Puget Sound, as it is situated only two miles from the center of the city. The yard has a capacity of 75,000 bricks per day.

In connection with Mr. J. D. Little, Mr. Huntington constructed the present Chamber of commerce building, as well as many of the finest brick blocks in Tacoma. The past season with these gentlemen has been on of great prosperity, and before the end of the year over $200,000 worth of work will be done by them. Some of the blocks now under construction are the Gross Block, which will be one of the finest edifices in the city; the Thompson, Baker, Exchange, Wolff and others.

Mr. Huntington is a man still in the prime of life, genial, affable, and thoroughly conscientious in all his dealings.

Page 68


Harris Block, on South Second Street, in the First Ward, contain the office of this firm, who deal extensively in real estate, besides carrying on a large insurance and legal business. As far as acting in the capacity of real estate agents is concerned, the firm has already gained a very wide reputation for the choice properties that have for sale as well as the extremely easy terms that they always succeed in giving all purchasers. Tacoma property owners rarely fail to list the property they have for sale, with Messrs. Harris & Collins, because the energy and push which so characterize these two gentlemen, insures a quick disposal of the land. Some of the best known fire, accident and marine insurance companies are represented by these gentlemen. The legal portion of the business is under the direct supervision of Mr. Harris, who as a counsellor and pleader has few equals. Mr. Collins is an ex-member of the city council, representing for some time the ward in which he lives, in a most patriotic manner. Both gentlemen are true Tacomans, and ever ready to promote the welfare of the City of Destiny.


This well known hostelry is owned and controlled by J. J. Gandolfo, and R. J. McIntrye. And although not long established, is now looked upon by the traveling public as one of the best hotels in the city. This house is run upon the European plan, and both department are looked after and superintended by the proprietors in such a manner as to give entire satisfaction to guests. The restaurant connected with the hotel is a model one in all respects, and the very fact that it is under the supervision of Mr. Gandolfo is sufficient assurance that the cuisine of this house is excellent. Before coming to Tacoma Mr. Gandolfo was the proprietor of the famous and well-known Gandolfo Hotel of Wichita, Kan. Mr. R. J. McIntyre, previous to coming to Tacoma, held for nine years several important positions with the chief express companies of the Middle States. He is well calculated to cater to the people of the Pacific Coast.


This firm, whose offices are at 910 Railroad Street, are quiet, conservative, unostentatious men, who create no fuss or feather, but accomplish a heap of effective work. Their galvanized iron cornices, skylights, metal roofing, fire-proof doors and shutters, hot-air furnaces, grates and mantels challenge comparison with those of any other manufacturer, and may be seen on such edifices as the New Tacoma Asylum at Fort Steilacoom, and here in Tacoma on the new Opera House, the Episcopal Church, and the Emerson School building. The accompanying cut represents a building which will be completed in January, in this city.


Four years ago, this gentleman came here form St. Paul, Minn., and has been in the real estate business ever since. Soon After his arrival he made his mark among the struggling throng of business competitors, and shortly began to draw out of the crows and leave the field far behind.

His opinion on real estate matters is looked for and accepted by leading men and old residents as being final. His efforts are and always have been for Tacoma, he being a comparatively young man, but his reputation is such that he has become the Napoleon of real estate affairs in the City of Destiny. His keen insight and unerring business sagacity, united tot he ample means placed in his hands by his clients, have furnished him opportunity to secure the cheapest sites in and about Tacoma, which he now holds, and from which he is reaping the present golden harvest. His strict attention to the interest of his clients, affability and personal popularity, all combine to make a visit to his office a pleasure to his patrons.

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The Wholesale Business Growing so Rapidly that More Houses Will Be Welcome.

Tacoma's enviable location far inland at the head of ocean navigation, with the advantages of the terminus of the Japan and chine trade (she being 800 miles nearer Yokohama than San Francisco)--the terminus of the greatest transcontinental railroad in the United States, and various foreign and coastwise steamship and sailing vessel lines--coupled with her situation in the midst of a vast country highly favored by kind nature with a wealth of forest, mine and field, unsurpassed upon this continent, constitutes her the most natural, convenient and practical jobbing center of the great Pacific Coast.

The jobbing business of Tacoma is yet in its infancy, the first exclusively wholesale establishment dating its advent into our commercial circles back only to February, 1888, but today there is scarcely an article needed in the general line of trade but that can be purchased in Tacoma, and at as reasonable a price as it can be purchased in any market on the West Coast.

The exclusive wholesale houses doing business at present may be enumerated briefly as follows: One dry goods; three groceries; one tea, coffee and spice; two oils, paints and glass, and one paper house. The number of houses doing a mixed business, that is, selling at both wholesale and retail--are embraced in the following list: Three furniture; three hardwares; one agricultural implements; two drugs and medicines; one wall paper; two crockery and glass ware; one boot and shoe; one clothing and gents' furnishing goods; one carpet; two stationers and booksellers; two confectioners; one meat; one mantes, grates, and fireplace goods; one barber supplies. There are about a dozen commission firms and brokers, who handle produce, provisions, butter, eggs, fruits, coal lime, etc., in a jobbing way. In the manufacturing line: Two cracker factories; one oatmeal mill; one flavoring extracts and baking powder; one mattress factory; one harness factory; one watch factory; one broom factory; these sell their products to the trade only.

It is almost impossible at this writing to estimate the amount of business transacted annually. The development and growth of Tacoma's jobbing business has been phenomenal, and the record thus far for 1889 has been far in excess of the most sanguine expectations of our jobbers, and will aggregate for the year all that the greatest capacity of the various wholesale establishments and untiring efforts of our hard working merchants can make it. We can safely say, however, that the aggregate of merchandise sold at wholesale during the current year will approximate three and a half millions of dollars. Our jobbers are enterprising, progressive and ambitious, and are determined to make Tacoma the best market on the West Coast in which to purchase stocks, and they are surely going to win if good goods, low prices honest dealings and a broad and generous policy mean anything. They are full of enthusiasm regarding the development of our wholesale trade, and would welcome the advent of additional houses to help care for the crush of business which is coming to Tacoma. This seems almost incredible, but the wholesale business is so rapidly increasing that notwithstanding their every effort it is almost an impossibility for present concerns to keep up with orders.

Wholesale Grocers, Importers of China and Japan
Teas, Salt Bath Brick and Sal Soda, Jobbers of
Canned Goods, Fourteenth and A Street.

The pioneer wholesale and importing grocery house of Tacoma is that of Thompson, Pratt & Co., composed of Messrs. William J. Thompson, Willard N. Pratt, and George Brand, and some idea of the enormous growth of Tacoma in the past few years cane be gathered from the remarkable history of this, one of her leading houses.

At the time of the advent of this concern in Tacoma, in December, 1887, there was not a wholesale house of any description in Tacoma, and it was considered a matter of speculation as to whether such a business could be profitably conducted in the city. The three gentlemen comprising the firm came from Rochester, N. Y. Mr. Pratt came to Tacoma in December, 1887, and Mr. Thompson followed him four or five months later. They are once entered heavily into the interests involved, and began the direct importation of China and Japan teas. From Liverpool they imported by vessel both salt bath brick and sal soda, which they found they could land in Tacoma as cheaply as they could be gotten in New York. They began shipping by rail large quantities of teas to St. Paul, Chicago, and New York. Their first year's business was a quarter of a million of dollars, and the past year shows the business to have been over half a million. One of the principal feature of their business is the jobbing of canned goods of every description. A remarkable fact connected with this firm is that they have not found it necessary to employ any traveling men, the business increasing on its merits even faster then they could wish. Their quarters although large, have proved too small for their increased business, and they will soon move to their new building, a beautiful structure of stone and brick, four stories in height, one hundred feet front, and one hundred and twenty feet deep. this building is located on the corner of Fourteenth and A Streets, and is one of the finest in point of artistic merit and durability to be found in the city. The gentlemen composing this firm have devoted themselves with much zeal and energy to the advancement of every interest which helps to make a great city. They are identified prominently with the public institutions of Tacoma, and are most keenly observant of her welfare. A cut of their new building will be found in our pages.


The Tacoma Grocery Company is composed of Chas. E. Hale, President; Matthew M. Sloan, Vice-president; John G. Campbell, Secretary, and John S. Baker, Treasurer. The three first mentioned were formerly the Hale-Sloan Grocery Company, of Peoria, Ill., where they did a large and successful wholesale grocery business for several years, and sold their interest there only to come to Tacoma which was more adapted for health and profit. They have a capital paid in of one hundred thousands dollars here, and are doing a business of upward of one million per year with no traveling men on the road. Mr. Hale is managing partner, assisted by Mr. Sloan. Mr. Hale says he could do two millions as well as one if he had more room and more money; it is simply a question of these things only, as the territory tributary to this market is immense and doubling up every twelve months, and will continue to do so for years to come. The advantage of this market over most all others is the ease of jobbing houses doing their own importing. Mr. Hale has teas enroute from china and Japan, and sale and many fancy groceries from London and Paris coming directly into the port of Tacoma by sailing vessels which take out a cargo of wheat or lumber for various ports of the known world. A fact worth mentioning, which may not be generally known, is that a ship has never yet sailed out of Puget Sound with a cargo. Can this be said of any other seaport in the world, and be it understood, this country is just beginning to be developed; what will it be in another ten years? Can any men estimate Tacoma's future? Mr. Hale says within that time those leaving here will be able to take steamship from Tacoma direct to New York via the Nicaragua Canal, and freight rates will be much lower than now from the eastern markets. There can be no doubt that Tacoma offers actually the finest field for jobbing houses of all kinds of any city or locality in the world. Mr. Hale has secured for his company one hundred front feet on pacific Avenue, between Seventeenth and Nineteenth streets, upon which they expect to build a six-story building for their own use within the next two years. this property has the advantage of a side track from the Northern Pacific Railroad at the back, and this building, Mr. Hale says, will be as complete as money and experience can make it. it may be interesting to know that this one hundred feet spoken of, shows a profit of fifty thousand dollars to the Tacoma Grocery company already, and Mr. Hale says it will show two hundred and fifty thousand by the time they are ready to build. This is, indeed, one of the advantages of doing business in such a city as Tacoma. the present quarters of the Tacoma Grocery company, which are shown in our cut, contain 32,000 square feet of flooring, and cars are loaded and unloaded from the rear from several doors, giving them as complete facilities as are enjoyed by any wholesale grocery business on the Pacific Coast.

Wholesale and Retail Dry goods.

Just about twelve years ago, when the City of Destiny was only in embryonic cityhood, Messrs. Gross Bros. came to it, fully convinced of its great future. The firm is composed of Messrs. E. A. Gross, Morris Gross, and Abe Gross. They at once established themselves in the dry-goods and clothing business, and through their ability and talent working together, they succeeded in building up their business to its present mammoth proportions. Three times since their entrance into the commercial community of Tacoma have they found it necessary to secure premises of increased capacity to transact the volume of business, which became larger so rapidly that their various department became handicapped for want of space. It was then decided by the firm to erect such a building for themselves as would in every way facilitate the handling of the large trade now being done by them, and on the 30th of May last, in the presence of thousand, among whom were the representative men of not only Tacoma, but of the various cities of the Pacific Northwest, the cornerstone of the finest dry goods building north of San Francisco was laid. The frontage of the building on Railroad Avenue is one hundred and fifteen feet, on Ninth Street one hundred feet, and on C Street, one hundred and fifteen feet. It will be four stories high, and cost about one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and is situated near the main thoroughfare.

Messrs. Gross Bros., whose foresightedness and energy have brought them to this prominence in business circles, have now the largest retail trade in dry goods, boots and shoes, etc., on the Pacific Coast outside of San Francisco, and their large corps of intelligent and courteous assistants are doing much toward adding to its growth.

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Wholesale Heavy hardware.

January, 1885, this house was founded by Mr. E. M. Hunt, senior member of the present firm, and Mr. S. A. Wheelwright, now mayor of Tacoma, under the firm name of Wheelwright & Hunt. During the year 1885, business was generally very much depressed throughout the entire Northwest, and it seemed an unpropitious time to establish a wholesale hardware business in a city of Tacoma's size, having at that time a population of less than 7,00, with a sparsely populated surrounding country. Having, however, faith in Tacoma's future and believing it wise to be early in the field, they faced the dull times and uncertain results with courage and energy, and their efforts at the close of that year had been rewarded with small profits and increasing trade that continued steadily to improve during the next eighteen months, at which time Mr. Wheelwright retired.

June 1st, 1887, Mr. Frederick Mottet associated himself with Mr. Hunt under the firm name of Hunt & Mottet. The business has rapidly grown in magnitude until at the present they do the largest business of that kind in the city of Tacoma, and probably the largest even in the Sound country; though they recently doubled their store capacity they find their facilities far too limited to accommodate their fast growing trade, and to overcome this difficulty they have leased what will undoubtedly prove to be the best located block in the city for their business. This building, which is located on the corner of Pacific Avenue and Fifteenth Street, is under construction, being built of stone and pressed brick; it is 60 X 100 feet, four stories and basement; and will be one of the handsomest buildings in the city; a cut of will be found in our pages. In these new quarters Hunt & Mottet will be most advantageously situated, and will be able to handle their large stock at a minimum expense.

At the rear of this building will be a Northern Pacific Railroad side track, and all carloads can be unloaded directly into the store. The basement will be used for iron and iron pipe; a steam elevator will carry other goods above. The firm carry a large stock of heavy hardware, mill forging, railroad and ship supplies, and also are manufactures' agents, having many valuable agencies. Besides the convenient railroad connections, their new quarters are only a stone's throw to the principal city wharves, enabling them to promptly and at the minimum of expense, deliver goods to all the Sound steamers. The merited success of this firm has been accomplished by increasing energy and honorable dealings with all. Both Messrs. Hunt & Mottet are gentlemen of strict integrity and high social standing, refined and courteous manners, and are very popular citizens of Tacoma.


Are situated on the corner of Twenty-first and A Streets. They are extensive manufacturing machinists, millwrights andiron founders. The business was brought here form Albany, Oregon, where it had been run for the past fourteen years under the name of the Albany iron Works, and conducted by Messrs. Cherry and Parkes. It was moved to the "City of Destiny" last January, and Mr. C. O. Bosse of San Francisco taken into the firm. They are manufacturers of steam engines, boilers, water wheels, pulleys, hangers and house-fronts, and they also make a specialty of grist and saw milling machinery and marine work. During the past summer they have had a season of great business prosperity; among other work they have furnished the machinery for the Tacoma Manufacturing Company, the Fairhaven Lumber Company, the Kent Mill Company, and W. B. Martin's mill at Sehome, which last is the largest mill in this part of Puget Sound.

Messrs. Cherry, Parkes & Bosse have lately put in the latest improved machinery, enabling them to turnout the best work of all kinds in their line that can be procured north of San Francisco. The stock of sawmill patterns which they have accumulated in the last fourteen years enables them to distance all competitors in supplying goods of this description, and the reputation of their headblocks is growing to be such that scarcely anybody else attempts to enter the field against them. Some idea of the magnitude of the business these gentlemen have built up since their advent in Tacoma, can be gathered from the fact that they employ over seventy hands, and their running expenses are from $500 to $700 per day.

Mr. C. C. Cherry of this company, whose portrait we present in the work, is a native of North Carolina, and is one of the best known practical machinists on the Pacific; outside of the above business he is a man of considerable means.


A most useful industry, having its factory on the corner of Twenty-ninth and Adams streets. The concern manufactures and deals exclusively in trunks, and is established on an extremely firm as well as substantial basis.

It was started in February, with a paid up capital stock of $15,000, with Lake D. Wolford as president, S. M. Clark as secretary, W. H. Shiling treasurer and general manager. The demand for the wares turned out of the factory has increased to rapidly that Mr. Shiling is now working a force night and day in order to fill orders. The company owns the found on which the factory is situated, and will soon erect supplementary buildings and ground will be broken early in the spring.

Mr. Wolford was born on the Pacific Coast, and is thoroughly alive to the needs of the Western country, S. M. Clark the secretary, is a wealthy gentleman largely in manufacturing enterprises, notably the Fox Island Clay Works. Mr. Shiling, the manager, and practical man of the concern, was formerly engaged with his father in Indianapolis in the management of a trunk factory. At present the factory employs seven experienced workmen, and can turn out ten dozen trunks per week. With the new buildings the capacity will naturally considerably exceed this output, and the demand is so large that there will be no danger of taxing the capacity.


This firm have their spacious headquarters at 928 pacific Avenue, and are the oldest hardware establishment in Tacoma. They carry a large and varied stock of shelf and heavy hardware, and are also agents for the Giant Powder Co., Judson Blasting and Sporting Powder, Hail's Lock and Safe Co., Howe Scales, and Sargent & Co., Locks.

Mr. John Macready is known far and wide on Puget Sound as a man of indefatigable energy and determination. He is of that tough Scotch breed which has succeeded in getting on top of the heap wherever it had the ghost of a show, all over the world, and was born on the Eastern seaboard. His father, however, like a sensible man, came West when the subject of our sketch was only three years old. They settled at first in Kentucky, but finally settled in Sioux City. John Macready was brought up in the hardware business, and has a thorough practical acquaintance with every detail of it. he came to Tacoma in 1883, and started in business. In 1884 he was burned out and lost everything he had. Another man might have lost heart, for it was apparently a knockout blow. He buckled his belt tighter, clenched his teeth with grim determination, and went to work again. He is now one of the foremost merchants in Tacoma, a member of the executive committee of the Chamber of Commerce, a man of large capital and great public spirit, and one who is looked up to and honored on all sides, by every one.


The above well known firm are dealers in groceries, provisions and general family products. Mr. W. H. Elvins and W. M. Purcell associated themselves in business in July last, and since that period have built up one of the finest paying businesses in Tacoma. This firm makes a specialty not only of supplying private families with all the necessities of life, but particularly furnishing hotels and restaurants with all kinds of the choicest food products. Mr. Elvins is a native of Bellevue, Ontario, and was formally connected with his father in a large wholesale and retail grocery business in that town. He came to Tacoma last November, and after looking the Sound country over, decided to locate here permanently. W. M. Purcell is also an old-timer in the grocery business, and comes originally from Rochester, N. Y. During his residence here, his genial disposition and engaging manners, have combined to make him one of the most popular men about town.


This firm have their wholesale store on Railroad Street, near Thirteenth. They do a very large business in liquors, and are besides, the agents for a leading brand of Cincinnati beer, "Belle of the West." The Bourbon whiskey which they make a specialty is known far and wide, and extensively drank upon this coast.

One of their latest enterprises was the opening of the Milwaukee saloon on Pacific Avenue. This is undoubtedly the most sumptuously fitted up place of the kind on the Sound, and would be a credit to San Francisco. The plate glass mirror behind the bar is the largest ever shipped, and is valued at $1,800. The saloon occupies the whole three story building, the first floor containing the bar and restaurant, while the upper floors are devoted to billiards and pool. The restaurant is one of the finest in town, and is rapidly gaining a large patronage.


This hotel is one the corner of Seventeenth and C Streets. It is only one square from the depot and has 80 rooms. It has only been opened a year, but has already gained the reputation of being not only a good transient but the best family hotel in town.

The table is always kept up to the best standard and careful and attentive service by exclusively white labor is guaranteed to the guests. the whole building including the annex of the new three-story block containing three stories and forty-five rooms, is lighted with electric and the rooms furnished with electric bells.

In addition, it may be said that the Mussusoit is run on both the American and the European plans, and is the only first class hotel in town that runs a free 'bus, which is a rather remarkable departure in the western country, and is not only a great convenience, but is fully appreciated by all travelers.

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This firm is the principal wholesale and retail book and stationery house in Tacoma, and its business reaches out all over the State, Oregon, Idaho, and British Columbia.

Their store and warerooms, situated at 930 Pacific Avenue, a cut of which will be found in this book, contains everything appertaining to the business in which Messrs. Nuhn & wheeler profess to belong. The firm is also the general agency in Tacoma and the State for all newspapers and periodicals published in the Western States, as well as for foreign publications. Although the business is now only in the third year of its existence, it has grown to such an extent that it is now considered one of the greatest and most important business houses in Tacoma.

Mr. Oscar Nuhn is a native of Brooklyn, New York, came to Tacoma about five years ago, and it was not until carefully looking over the towns in the Northwest that he decided on Tacoma as the only one destined to become the metropolis of the Pacific Northwest, and therefore established, with Mr. G. H. wheeler, the above business.

Mr. G. H. Wheeler, the other member of this firm, is a native of the town of Wheeler, State of New York, and until his association with Mr. Oscar Nuhn in the above business, was manager of the Tacoma Daily and Weekly Ledger. Both Messrs. Oscar Nuhn and G. H. wheeler are thoroughly capable and shrewd business men, as the flourishing condition of their business well testifies.

H. L. RICH & CO.

Of 1317 Pacific Avenue, are the flourishing proprietors of one of the largest and most successful harness emporiums on the Pacific Coast. The business has been established for over three years, and Messrs. Rich & Co. claim with pardonable pride to keep in stock the largest varieties of saddles, harness, whips and robes, of any shop in their line of business north of San Francisco. They also do what very few dealers in saddlery ware do on this coast, i. e., manufacture all their own stock of harness and saddles, thus enabling them to guarantee with perfect knowledge of its reliability every article of the kind that goes out of their shop, and giving them an immense advantage over competitors who deal in cheap and frequently auction-made stuff, coming from the Eastern seaboard, that is often bought for little, and worthless.

Mr. T. O. Butts, the company of the concern, is connected with Mr. Rich by family ties, and is really the practical manger of the emporium. He is an energetic and enterprising business man, and has trebled the value of the business since it first started, three years ago.

Government land Locator and Surveyor,
108 South Twelfth Street.

No one is better known along the North Pacific Coast than Mr. Hageman, who has for many years past acted as a medium for locating settlers on the rich farming, timber and mineral lands of Western Washington. The entire Puget Sound basin, as well as that part of Washington bordering on the Columbia River, is known so thoroughly by this gentleman that he is able to place his patrons upon the richest and most fertile lands to be found in these districts. Hundreds and hundreds of now wealthy ranchers, mine and timber owners are indebted to Mr. Hageman for their present prosperous circumstances.

Since the advent of the Northern Pacific Railroad and other transportation facilities, Mr. Hageman has been compelled to employ numerous assistants to supply the wants of the hundreds of land-seekers that are continually arriving from the East. The fame of the richness of Washington has gone abroad to such an extent that, although confident of its future greatness, Mr. Hageman's business has increased far beyond his expectations. But still millions of acres of the finest land remain untouched, only waiting for the plow, the axe, or the pick, to yield up their abundance of wealth. Mr. Hageman has sought out the best of these tracts, and proffers his valuable services for locating immigrants.

To those, therefore, who are leaving the east to locate in such manner, we would say that Mr. Hageman is a man of thorough reliability and knowledge of the country, and they will consult their best interests by corresponding with, or seeing him personally.

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Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods,
1120 Pacific Avenue.

Dickson Bros., a well-known and very popular firm, was founded in the spring of 1883, by Geo. L. and William H. Dickson, who opened for public inspection a well-selected, though small, stock of such goods as are usually found in clothing houses. Their first storeroom over which they hung the now ferns U. S. store sign, was no larger then a big dry goods box, or about 10X12 feet. Industry, hard work, courage, in "Tacoma's darkest days" and a belief that the people would indorse honest efforts, and appreciate their endeavors to give them the most for their money, soon won for them a host of that most desirable class known as cash customers. Two years later a younger brother, Mr. Warren P. Dickson, became a member of the firm, bringing with him a lifelong experience from one of the largest dry goods concerns in the Untied States, thus adding additional strength to what is know acknowledged one of the most flourishing public-spirited--though keen sighted--concerns on the Pacific Coast. It was reserved for Dickson Bros. to introduce into Tacoma rules of business, which have made popular all the leading houses of Eastern cities, viz.: Absolutely one price to all; strictly cash sales, with the lowest possible percentage of profit added to each article; also to prove that the golden rule could be applied to commercial as well as social affairs. Perhaps it would not be amiss just her to mention that this firm carry clothing, gents' furnishing goods, hats and caps, boots and shoes, and the many smaller items that accompany these staple lines.

The people seem to appreciate the additional fact that Dickson Bros. have guarded against average merchant's stumbling block--high rent. Owning their own store building they gain a decided advantage, and that the Tacoma citizens are aware of it, is evident by the constant throng which passes in and out of the U. S. Store.


The gentleman whose name forms the caption of this article, is well known to most people dwelling in Washington, a man of business capacity and integrity. His present place of business is located at 1720 E Street, where he conducts a large wholesale business in harness and saddlery. Mr. Hoska formerly had a prominent shop on Pacific Avenue, where he was engaged in the same business ina retail way. Foreseeing, with shrewd business sagacity, the future business possibilities of the City of Destiny, he started his wholesale business, and is now one of the largest manufacturers of saddlery ware, north of San Francisco.

He carries a full stock of goods, and a purchaser never needs go further after he has examined his stock, but, from Mr. Hoska's enviable reputation and large experience, may rely upon the goods he buys being exactly what they are represented to be.


A prominent firm of commission merchandise ingrain and hops, have offices at Tacoma and Walla Walla, managed respectively by Alexander Reed and W. H. Reed, his son. Their present business has been established about a year and a half. Mr. reed Sr., was engaged eight years in the grain trade at Toledo, O., of which city he was twice the postmaster. He has held other responsible public positions, including those of auditor of Lucas Co., O., supervising agent of the U. S. Treasury, and receiver of public moneys at Walla Walla.

W. H. reed was for many years cashier of the Toledo Savings Bank & Trust Co. he owns and conducts a farm of 600 acres close to the city of Walla Walla, and has other considerable interests in the eastern part of the State. Both members of the firm has been residents of Washington about eleven years. Their extensive acquaintance, prompt and careful attention to the interest of their customer, and reputation for integrity, have brought them a large clientage.

In addition to their commission business, Reed & Co., are agents for the product of the Eureka Flour Mills, of Walla Walla--principal brands "White Rose" and "Dement's Best"--in which they have a very large trade on the Sound.

Their Tacoma office is at 823 Pacific Avenue, over the Tacoma National Bank.




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