- JANESVILLE, one of the most flourishing
and important towns in the State,
- the county-seat of Rock County, is
beautifully located on both sides of Rock River, forty-five miles
southeast of Madison. It contains eight churches, three banks,
several academies, seminaries, the State Institution for the
Blind, manufactories and mills of various kinds, and five newspapers.
The Milwaukee and Mississippi Railroad is here intersected by
the Fond du Lac and Rock River Road. There are other railroads
in course of construction, which, when completed, will largely
increase its extensive trade. In 1846, the population was estimated
at 400; in 1854, at 6,000; and, at present time, about 10,000.