- Janesville, capital of Rock county,
is on both sides of Rock River, 45 miles S.E.
- of Madison, at the intersection of
the Milwaukie and Mississippi with the Fond du Lac and Rock River
Railroad. It is one of the most important cities in the state,
and is built principally on a level plain between the river and
the bluffs, which are about 100 feet high. It hns several large
mills, for which the falls of the river at this point afford
excellent, sites. It is the center of an active and increasing
trade. It, was settled about the year 1836, and incorporated
a city in 1853. It has 8 churches, the State Institution for
the Blind, and, in 1880, 7,500 inhabitants.