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NE History & Record of Pioneer Days
Vol II, no 2 (part 2)
(handwritten below these images: "See C 1242" "See C 1242")
ANCIENT PAWNEE MEDAL
A Remarkable Engraved Medal From a Pawnee Grave. ---Letter From Father M. A. Shine Presents Theory of its Origin.
This unique and interesting medal was
found in the extreme western part of Nance county, in 1883,
by two people who unearthed it from an Indian grave, and
presented it to the present owner. Mrs. G. W. Ellsworth, at
645 North 30th St., Lincoln, Nebr.
Plattsmouth, Nebr., January 21, 1919.
My Dear Mr. Blackman:
period of time (1817-1821) there was another man named
Pi-ta-le-sha-ru, or MAN CHIEF, who was one of the head
chiefs of the Kit-ke-hah-ki, (i. e., Small or Little
Village), or Republican Pawnee, who had received in June,
1818, a chief's medal from Gov. William Clark, in St. Louis,
Mo. I am inclined to believe that many writers have confused
the names of these two men.
Rev. Michael A. Shine.
P. S. - Grinnell describes the altar or
framework engraved on the medal. See Pawnee Stories, p. 364,
last four lines.
Spelling of Nebraska Indian names varies greatly in different books and in different periods. Spelling used by Father Shine we have let stand. It may be worth while to state the spelling given in the Handbook of American Indians (Vol. 2, p. 236), Petalesharo, with the following variations in the article: Petarescharu, Pe-tah-lay-sha, Petanesharo. The spelling of the name of Knife Chief is given in the same volume, page 118, Latalesha with the variations at Settulushaa and Letereeshar. The standard of spelling adopted by the Nebraska State Historical Society is that used by the Bureau of American Ethnology.
(Continued from Fourth Page.)
Schreiber, Orma A., Alma, Wisconsin.
THE O'NEILL LAND DISTRICT
AN EARLY SETTLER'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY
1, Sarah F. Wilhite, daughter of Jesse and Eliza Crook, was born on Cumberland mountain, near Crossville, Cumberland county, Tenn.,
March 2, 1849. My uncle, John Crook, was then living
there, keeping a tavern and stage station to accommodate
travelers crossing the mountain. We lived on the mountain
for three years, then moved down into Putnum county, where
the town of Cooksville is now situated - on the land my
father owned and where we lived until we started for
Nebraska. My grandmother Crook's maiden name was Mary Lee,
who was a descendant of General Robert E. Lee's family. My
father's family comprised his wife, two sons, John and
William, and myself. In September, 1863, with six other
families, we started to Nebraska, my mother driving one of
the six wagons drawn by oxen. In October we stopped near the
town of Fillmore, Andrew county, Missouri, where two
brothers of my father, Allen and Isaac, were living. We
remained there until April, 1855, because the territory was
not then open for settlement. In August, 1854, my father
come to Nebraska and took a claim a mile and a half north of
the present Falls City. On April 17, 1855, we crossed the
river into Nebraska at the old town of St. Stephens, and the
next day we arrived at our claim.
SARAH CROOK WILHITE.
Mr. Schoenheit was a senator in the tenth legislature, which convened in the eighteenth session - the eighth regular session - on January 2, 1883.
Prior to the enactment of the homestead law, in 1862, public lands were procured by settlers under the preemption act of 1841. The act provided that when a person belonging to one of the classes specified
-- shall hereafter make a settlement in person on the Public lands to which the Indian title had been at the time of such settlement extinguished, and which has been, or shall have been surveyed prior thereto, and who shall inhabit and improve the same, and who has or shall erect a dwelling thereon, shall be, and is hereby, authorized to enter with the register of the land office for the district in which such land may lie, by legal subdivisions, any number of acres not exceeding one hundred and sixty or a quarter section of land, to include the residence of such claimant, upon paying to the United States the minimum price of such land.
The price was $1.25 an acre.
But the act of Congress approved July 22. 1854, permitted settlement upon unsurveyed land. and Mrs. Wilhite's father promptly took advantage of the concession - in the following month. On March 16, 1854, the Otoe and Missouri Indians ceded all their lands in Nebraska which included the subsequent Richardson county to the United States, and the treaty of cession was confirmed by the president on June 21. They had ceded the contiguous part to the west on September 21, 1833. The Omaha Indians likewise ceded their lands on March 16, 1854; so that the act of July 22 opened to settlement all of eastern Nebraska as far as about seventy-five miles from the Missouri River, except that in the extreme southeast the free territory extended no farther west than the Great Nemaha River, and a narrow strip along the river belonged to the half-breed Indians. - A. W.
COSTLY HIGH LIVING IN THE SEVENTIES
The North Platte Semi-Weekly Tribune of January 14 tells the following story of a desperate device to procure a then hunter's necessity of life on the Nebraska plains. The "Irish lord" was Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin, fourth Earl of Dunraven, born in Adare, Ireland, in 1841. He was noted as traveler, war correspondent, statesman - or politician - and author of books about his varied experiences.
A plentiful supply of the best liquors almost characterized the hunting excursions in Nebraska of important personages during the period in question, and it strains credulity to believe that so apt a
provider as this noble earl should have been caught in
such destitution. But fiction is often truer than bare fact,
and whichever class this story belongs to it serves to
illustrate the contrast beween [sic] habits and
necessities of less than fifty years ago and those of the
present piping times of prohibition. The hunt - for elks -
was in the fall of 1872.
The recent retirement of Casper Enoch
Yost from the presidency of the Nebraska Telephone Company,
the Iowa Telephone Company, and the Northwestern Telephone
Exchange Company directs attention to the very remarkable
fact that the telephone system of Nebraska has developed
into its present magnitude and very great importance during
only it part of a man's "active life" - a clumsy and
inaccurate distinction, by the way.
This eminent lawyer died at his home in
Omaha on December 20, 1918. He was born in Warrensville,
Ohio, January 11, 1846; in 1861 he enlisted as a private in
the Twenty-third regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, rose to
the rank of captain and was mustered out at the close of the
war - in 1865. This is a remarkable record for a lad between
fifteen and nineteen years of age. After preparing for the
bar in a law School in Cleveland, he came to Omaha in the
spring of 1867 to begin his uniformly brilliant career at
the bar. He was most skillful as a trial lawyer, excelling
both in the examination of witnesses and in arguing cases
before a jury. His style of address was powerfully dramatic.
In this respect or aspect he has not been equaled at the
Nebraska bar, I think. When the Union Pacific and Kansas
Pacific railroad companies were placed under receivers in
1893, General Cowin was appointed by President Cleveland to
protect the interests of the United States, and he
successfully performed this very difficult duty.
of his attacks upon offenders. When Furnas was nominated
for the office of governor, in 1872, the Herald bombarded
him with the charge of having taken a large bribe in 1857
from partisans of Omaha in consideration for his refusal, as
a member of the upper house of the general assembly, to
support the passage over the governor's veto of a bill for
the removal of the capital to a point on Salt Creek.
Powerful as the preponderance of his party over its opponent
then was, Furnas could not safely rely upon it to carry him
through in the face of the specific charges if he should
ignore them; so he authorized General Cowin to begin the
suit. The general refused to undertake the case (so he
informed the writer hereof) except with the understanding
that it should be pushed to trial. Accordingly the trial
took place some time after Furnas was elected, resulting in
a disagreement of the jury, and the case was afterward
Adoniram Judson Leach died June 10,
1919 and was buried at Oakdale June 12. He was born
September 19, 1834, in Cuyahoga county, Ohio. He crossed the
plains to Oregon in 1852, came to Omaha in 1867, homesteaded
in Antelope county in 1869 and has resided there since.
For many years the Secretary of this Society has sought to get hold of the old hand printing press which Robert W. Furnas brought with him to Brownville in 1856 and used in the publication of the Nebraska Advertiser and later the Nebraska Farmer. Several times traces of this old press have been secured, but the trail has disappeared. Now it seems likely to lead to the press itself. From Mr. W. P. Campbell, custodian of the Oklahoma historical society, we have recently
received two letters, from which the following extracts
In 1886 J. W. Powell, Director of the
Bureau of Ethnology, at Washington, published his report
upon the Indian linguistic families of North America. The
report showed fifty-eight different language stocks north of
the Rio Grande and many more dialects.
John Frederick Kees, who settled on a homestead near Filley in 1867, celebrated his eighty-third birthday on May 7. The Filley Spotlight says that he is the oldest homesteader still occupying his original claim.
(handwritten below the photo - "See C 1733")
A sketch of Charles McDonald's life was
printed fit the November issue of this magazine, on the
occasion of the ninety-second anniversary of his birthday.
He died at his home in North Platte on April 22, 1919, of
pneumonia, which resulted from exposure in listening to an
address by Secretary McAdoo in behalf of the sale of victory
bonds, which the venerable pioneer patriotically promoted.
He came to Nebraska from Tennessee in 1855; settled at first
near the site now occupied by Pawnee City; two years later
moved to Salem, Richardson county; in 1859 established his
famous road ranch at Cottonwood Springs; in 1872 moved to
North Platte where he had lived ever since, at first engaged
in mercantile business, but in 1878 he established the Bank
of Charles McDonald to which he gave almost exclusive
attention from 1899 until his last illness. He was a member
of the House of Representatives of the second Legislative
Assembly - in 1855-56.
Jesse Retherford died December 17 at his home in Potter: born February 10, 1856, at Philadelphia Road, Ohio; came to Nebraska in 1865.
Mrs. Henry Shoebotham died December 23, at Fairbury; born in London, Canada, November 12, 1840; came to Jefferson county, Neb., in 1868; her husband came a year earlier.
Mrs. William Brower, Sr., died December 21 at her home in Nebraska City; born April 17, 1853, at Sandusky, Ohio; the family settled in Cass county, Neb., near where Nehawka is now situated tell, in 1854.
Mrs. John W. Pittman, killed in all automobile accident, near Union, Neb., December 16; born March 15, 1840, in Marlon county, Iowa. She came to Nebraska when a young girl, nearly sixty years ago.
Mrs. James W. Sperry, whose maiden name was Margaret Jane McDermed, died December 24 at the home near Weeping Water, where the family had lived thirty-eight years; she was horn in Illinois in November 1854; came to Nebraska in 1866, with her parents, who settled on a farm five miles southeast of Weeping Water; married to Mr. Sperry November 29, 1874.
Mrs. Mary Green Rossiter died December 7 at her home near Dewitt aged ninety-four years, one month and thirteen days; said to have been the oldest resident of Gage county at the time of her death; born in Somersetshire, England, October 24, 1824; came to America and to Gage county with her husband in 1856, where they settled on a homestead.
Dr. George Grant Gere died December 28 at his home in San Francisco; born in Greene, New York, December 27, 1848, a brother of John Gere, who was killed by Indians in 1871, and of Charles H. Gere, first editor of the Nebraska State Journal; came to Nebraska with his parents in 1857 and settled in Table Rock. Dr. Gere gained a wide reputation in surgery, was an instructor in a medical college, president of the California state medical association, vice president of the national eclectic association, and was author of books on surgery. Four children survive; two of the three sons were soldiers in the great war.
David Sleeth Hacker of Auburn died December 24; born near Fairland, Indiana, August 24, 1839; July 25, 1862, enlisted in Company F, Seventieth Regiment Indiana Volunteer infantry, of which Benjamin Harrison, afterward president of the United States, was colonel, and served until June 8, 1865; in the fall of 1865 came west with his father and they took homesteads in the southwest part of Nemaha county, three miles south of Febing, or Stone Church; March 7, 1867, married to Miss Nancy P. Giel, who died February 11, 1911; they had six children of whom four survive; moved with his family to Auburn, then called Sheridan, in 1877, where he had since resided; helped to organize the first Methodist church in the southwest part of the county and was one of the charter members of the first Methodist church in Auburn, and the last one of the original members of this church to die.
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