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ROBERT P. GARRARD.
sterling pioneer of whom individual mention is made on other pages of this work. No children have been born of this union. The achievement and standing of Mrs. Wallace mark her as one of the representative pioneer women of western Nebraska, and both consistency and justice are observed in according to her a tribute in this history.
ROBERT P. GARRARD, who is widely known and universally respected, has spent the greater part of his busy life in the state of Nebraska, where his industrious efforts have been amply rewarded. Mr. Garrard owns many acres of rich land and a large amount of stock, for years having been one of the most extensive producers of wool in the state.
Robert P. Garrard was born in Canada, January 7, 1872. His parents were Joseph and Sophia (Pipe) Garrard, the former of whom was born in England, January 13, 1837, and the latter in England, July 29, 1837. Their children were as follows: Hatsell, who joined the United States army in 1881 and was in the Spanish-American War, returned from service in Cuba and died in a hospital in San Francisco; Laura M., who is the widow of Albert Foster, lives with a son on a ranch in Kimball county; John, who died in infancy; Emma, who was born in 1859, died in infancy; Lovinia, who died in infancy; Jonathan J., who was born November 17, 1862, died at the age of ten years; Adelaid, who was the wife of John W. Alexander; Ellen Alice, who was born in Canada, November 23, 1869; Robert P., who lives in Kimball county, and Frederick George, who was born in Michigan, May 1, 1875, is a farmer in Banner county, Nebraska.
From Canada the Garrard family moved to Michigan, and lived there until 1882, then moved to Nebraska, settling first in Gage county, but moving in 1883 to Thayer county. The father died there July 23, 1886, leaving the mother with a family to look after in a strange country. She was not only a faithful mother but was a resourceful woman. After being left a widow she went into Banner county and took up a claim, on which the family settled in the spring of 1888. She was spared to her children some years longer, her death occurring February 7, 1899.
Robert P. Garrard was ten years old when the family came to Nebraska. In his boyhood he made himself useful by herding cattle and assisting on the homestead after moving to Banner county, it requiring the efforts of the whole family to make the payments and secure the land. In 1895 he took a homestead of a quarter section for himself, in Kimball county, and in 1903, under the Kinkaid law, secured the balance of the section, and owns five other sections, his possessions aggregating 3,200 acres, and also he has 240 acres adjoining the city of Kimball, about half of this tract being, under water irrigation. For seventeen years he has fed his sheep from the products of the ranch, finding this a most profitable method. At the present time he has 22,000 head of sheep on his ranch, which will return him 6,000 pounds of wool, the extremely high price of wool in 1919 being something he can consider with satisfaction.
Mr. Garrard is erecting a fine residence on his land near Kimball, the estimated cost of which will amount to about $10,000. In this connection, the biographer cannot refrain from repeating a remark made by Mr. Garrard in reminiscent mood, displaying an emotion that will find an echo in many a heart, although not always translated into words. Mr. Garrand says there is only one thing that would make him the happiest man in Nebraska, and that would be the having of his mother in his beautiful new home where he could surround her with comforts all her life denied her.
On March the first, 1921, Mr. Garrard was married to Mrs. Annabel Lewis, a sister of Fred C. Overton of Kimball, a daughter of Albert C. Overton of Council Bluffs, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Overton were the parents of three children, two boys and one girl, Garrard being the eldest. The father died when Mrs. Garrard was only four years of age. The mother, after the loss of her husband, moved to Grand Island, Nebraska, in the fall of 1874. Her mother was again married two years later to a Baptist minister and they came to Gibbon in 1882 where Mrs. Garrard finished her education in the Gibbon Baptist Seminary. She was a teacher for several years and has the distinction of being the only lady on the State Reception Committee in the Nebraska State Building from the Sixth Congressional District in the Trans-Mississippi Exposition held at Omaha, Nebraska.
ARTHUR AND HAROLD LYNHOLM.--That surety of vision and judgment that makes for definite success in connection with the practical affairs of life is being signally exemplified in the business and farm career of the Lynholm brothers, who are young men well entitled to classification an-long the efficient and progressive exponents of agricultural industry in Cheyenne county. They are native sons of the west and of this state, as Arthur was born near Sidney, May 2, 1891, while Harold
was born on the same farm January 3, 1893. Their parents were Nels P. and Anna (Christison*) Lynholm, both natives of Denmark. Nels Lynholm was born in the little sea girt country of Denmark, and was reared and educated in his native land where he grew up hardy, thrifty and unafraid of work, traits of the inhabitants of that land which have won golden opinions of them as settlers in the new world. He was an ambitious youth who desired to make the most of his capital, energy, and determination to succeed, in the United States. He crossed the ocean in 1878, and soon after landing on our shores came west as he knew that many of his countrymen were making money out on the plains. After reaching Nebraska, Mr. Lynholm obtained work on the Union Pacific Railroad and later in Grand Island. He was careful in his expenditures, saved his money, and in 1881 returned to Denmark to marry his sweetheart, Anna Christinson*. This important ceremony was performed on March 14, 1882, and the happy couple had a honey moon trip across the ocean to the home in a new country. They determined that a home of their own was the thing and as land was to be obtained by homesteading took measures so to secure a farm near Sidney, where they lived until they had proved up on the land, making many permanent improvements, establishing a home and engaging actively in farm industries. For a short period after first returning to Nebraska Mr. Lynholm, had run a livery stable in Grand Island, but they had not liked it in the town and that was what induced them to take up the land near Bronson on April 26, 1883. Soon they also filed on a tree claim, set out the required number of trees and it was then incorporated with the original farm. Mr. Lynholm became known throughout the valley as one of the honest, thrifty and prosperous men, as he was not daunted by the many and severe trials of this new country and was helped and assisted in his work and ambitions by his fine wife who was ever at his side to encourage when the days looked dark and the prospect of agriculture in this region seemed doomed by blizzard in winter and drought in summer. Mr. Lynholm was not much beyond his prime when he was called to his last rest on December 13, 1904, at the age of fifty-six years. Arthur and Harold Lynholm, were reared on their father's farm near Bronson, where they grew up in a healthy family atmosphere, learning at an early age the lessons of self reliance, usefulness and the strict discipline of farm life, and were of great help to their parents in the lighter labor about the place that farm boys can assume without detriment to health or growth. The boys were sent to the excellent public schools of the district and that they made good use of the advantages thus afforded needs not to be said when we realize the progress they have made as business men and the high standing they command in the community. After completing their educations the brothers assisted their father on the home farm, but they were independent in ideas and desired to establish themselves in an independent endeavor and purchased land of their own and with the passing years substantial success has crowned their activities as agriculturists and stock-growers, for today they are recognized throughout the valley as representative, progressive and up-to-date exponents of the oldest profession in the world. From time to time as their capital increased from the sale of cattle and farm produce the Lynholm brothers have added to their original holdings until today they are the owners and managers of over two thousand acres of the best and most fertile land in Cheyenne county, a remarkable showing for such young men as they still have the greater part of their lives before them. Since their father's death the sons have taken charge of the homestead where their mother still resides with them. Though they have never been active in political matters, the brothers are independent voters, and have always supported sturdy and honest candidates for office. They are progressive in the methods employed in the development and business of the ranch, taking the admirable advice of the state and national farm experts in regard to the best crops for this semi-arid climate, and as to what cattle are most profitable; they stand for good roads, good schools, and any movement that tends to the uplift of communal life. The entire family are members of the Lutheran church. Aside from their rural interests, Messers (sic) Lynholm are stockholders in the Farmers Elevator of Bronson. There are four children in the Lynholm. family as the boys had two sisters: Elizabeth Dorothy, who lives in Chicago and Marie, who is now Mrs. Jones, and lives in Wyoming.
*Wife's maiden name - two spellings.
JESSE CAMPBELL, a prosperous young agriculturist and stock-raiser of Garden county, was born and reared in this section of Nebraska and has been gratified to do his part in furtherance of the splendid advancement that has been made here since the pioneer days, when he was a child and gained his initial experience in semi-frontier life.
In that part of Deuel county that now com-
prises Garden county, Jesse Campbell was born on April 19, 1889, and is a son of Thomas and Josephine Campbell, the former a native of Iowa and the latter of Kansas, in which state her marriage was solemnized. Thomas Campbell became one of the pioneer settlers in that part of old Cheyenne county that is now included in Garden county. Here he established his residence in 1887, took a homestead, and became one of the substantial agriculturists and stock men of this section of the state, his activities in connection with the cattle business having covered a period of many years. He has lived virtually retired since the spring of 1919, his wife having passed away in 1907, and he passed the most of his time at Oshkosh.
Jesse Campbell profited by the advantages afforded in the public schools of this section of Nebraska, and early became associated actively with his father's farming and live-stock enterprise, so that he was well prepared for independent operations in the cattle industry, when he was about twenty five years of age. He confined his activities largely to the cattle business for a period of about five years, and then purchased his present farm, which comprises three hundred and twenty acres, which is well improved. Mr. Campbell gives special attention to the feeding of hogs during the winter seasons. He is one of the loyal and liberal citizens of Garden county, and in politics is an independene (sic) Democrat.
July 5, 1911, at Bridgeport, Morrill county, was celebrated the marriage of Mr. Campbell to Miss Blanche Rand, who was born and reared in Pensylvania (sic), and was still a girl at the time of the death of her father, John Rand, who had come to Nebraska with his family and established himself as a pioneer in old Cheyenne county. His widow, Mrs. Sarah Rand, returned to Pennsylvania, where she still maintains her home. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell have two children--Florence, born March 16, 1915, and Thomas Edwin, born March 10, 1917.
ELI F. NASH who was born in Madison county, New York, March 12, 1862, and is a scion of old and honored families of the Empire state, was reared and educated in Missouri, and as a youth he was there employed three years in a harness shop. His ambition and self-reliance then led him to seek better opportunities in the progressive state of Nebraska, and after his arrival within the borders of this commonwealth he was engaged in farm enterprise in Seward county for a period of about eight years. Though he had been successful in that section of the state he had prevision of the greater advantages that were to attend the development of western Nebraska, and accordingly, in March, 1890, he came to this locality, where for six years he found employment as a cowboy and proved himself resourceful and expert in the herding of cattle on the great ranches that then marked the Nebraska Panhandle. With good judgment, he then filed entry on a homestead, on Blue creek, and while making improvements on this land, incidental to perfecting his title to the same, he added to his financial resources by conducting for three years, a livery business at Oshkosh. Since that time he has given his undivided attention to the management of his well improved farm, which he has brought under effective cultivation, besides causing it each season to provide properly for the select live stock which he raises, special attention being given to the feeding of hogs during the winter seasons. Energy and good management have made Mr. Nash one of substantial and representative farmers of Garden county, and his pleasant home is situated near the village of Lewellen, which is his postoffice address. He has had no ambition to enter the arena of practical politics or to seek public office, but he has been liberal in the support of progressive communal enterprises and is found arrayed as a stalwart champion of the cause of the Republican party.
At Oshkosh, on August 8, 1892, Mr. Nash wedded Miss Rhoda Hunter, who was born and reared in Missouri, and whose father, William Hunter, became one of the pioneer settlers in tht (sic) vicinity of Oshkosh, Garden county, Nebraska. Mr. and Mrs. Nash have given hostages to fortune by presenting to Nebraska their fine family of eleven children: Mrs. Mabel Copley of Lewellen, has one son; Mrs. Viola Orr, of Lewellen; Mrs. Martha McConkey, of Oshkosh; Mrs. Mamie Campbell, of Oshkosh; Hazel resides in the village of Lewellen; and Orpha, Lucille, Reuben, Howard, Waldo and Herbert remain at home, which is a center of cordial hospitality and good cheer.
In conclusion it may be stated that Mr. Nash is a son of Eli F. and Nancy Nash, both of who were born and reared in the state of New York and the latter of whom died when her son Eli F., of this review, was but two years old. In 1864, the father removed with his family to Missouri, where he became a substantial farmer and where he passed the remainder of his life, having been about sixty years of age at the time of his death.
WILLIAM B. WALLACE. -- The labors and hardships that fell to the pioneers of western Nebraska gained the full compliment of fellowship on the part of this well known and representative agriculturist and stockman of Garden county, and that he had the instincts, the endurance and the determination that make for success, is demonstrated in the substantial prosperity which he enjoys at the present time.
Mr. Wallace was born at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, April 25, 1850, and is a representative of a staunch pioneer family of that section of the Badger state. His father, John Wallace, who was a native of Indiana, followed various lines of endeavor within the course of his active career, as he turned his attention to farm enterprise, to mercantile business and also to service as a commercial traveling salesman. He was about fifty years of age at the time of his death. His wife, whose maiden name was Amanda Bushnell, was born in Ohio and was a girl at the time of her parents removal to Wisconsin, where she was reared and where her marriage was solemnized. She passed the closing period of her life in Minnesota, where she died when about seventy years of age.
William B. Wallace acquired his. early education in the schools of Wisconsin and Minnesota and was about two years old at the time of his father's death, his mother thereafter moving to Minnesota. At the age of eighteen years he purchased forty acres of land in Dodge county, Minnesota; the tract was covered with underbrush and he cleared this away and prepared the soil for cultivation. There he continued to farm about five years, and he then bought a farm of eighty acres, in the same county, where he lived twelve years. He then sold the property and, in 1887, in company with the late Asa C., Mills, who became a prominent citizen of Minatare, Scottsbluff county, came to Western Nebraska, the two driving through to this section of the state about two hundred head of cattle and twenty horses. In that part of Cheyenne county that now constitutes Garden county Mr. Wallace took up homestead, pre-emption and tree claims, and this land he made the center of his activities as a stock-raiser, having continued about twelve years in the cattle business, besides raising horses. He then sold his land and settled about thirteen miles northwest of Oshkosh, where the ensuing period of about four years found him engaged principally in the raising of sheep. He then established his residence at Oshkosh, where he was engaged in the real-estate business about five years, and did not a little to further the settlement and advancement of this part of the state. For the next six years Mr. Wallace resided on a claim which he secured under the provisions of the Kinkaid act and which he then relinquished to his son Hazen B. He then returned to his farm, where he was engaged principally in the raising of hogs, about four years, at the expiration of which he virtually retired, by establishing his residence on a tract of forty acres, thirteen miles northwest of Oshkosh, which is his present place of abode and which is one of the model small farms of Garden county. Mr. Wallace has been liberal and progressive as a citizen, is a Republican in politics but has manifested no desire for public office of any kind.
In 1870, Mr. Wallace wedded Miss Mary Whitaker, who was born in the province of Ontario, Canada, whose death occurred at Alliance, Box Butte county, Nebraska. Of this union were born six children: Frederick D. and his wife are residents of Oshkosh, their children being two in number; Erie, who now resides at Alliance, Box Butte county, was one of the young men who represented Nebraska in the ranks of the national army during the late World War, his service including seven months with the American Expeditionary Forces in France; Mrs. Cora E. Morris, of Broadwater, Morrill county, has five children; George W., of Lisco, is the father of three children; Mrs. Carrie Allington, of Sunol, Cheyenne county, has four children; and Hazen B., now a successful young farmer and stock-grower of Garden county, was in the nation's military service in the late war, he having received his training at Camp Funston, Kansas.
The second marriage of Mr. Wallace was solemnized in 1895, when Miss Lydia Morgan became his wife, and of this well known pioneer woman specific mention is made on other pages of this publication.
JOHN FINK, who is now living retired in the city of Scottsbluff, is one of the venerable and honored pioneer citizens of western Nebraska and has been a resident of Scottsbluff county since the time when it was still a part of Cheyenne county. He reclaimed and developed one of the valuable farm properties of the county and continued to give his active supervision to the same until 1913, when he retired and removed to Scottsbluff.
Mr. Fink was born in Germany, on June 25, 1846, and is a son of William and Henrietta (Saite) Fink, the latter of whom passed her entire life in Germany, and the former of whom finally came to the United States, the
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