"Admission of children to these camps is not restricted to those whose parents are communists. An effort is made to draw into the camps children of working people, both white and negro, who are noncommunists, with the hope of making them converts to the doctrine of communism and through them influence other children and their parents.
"The purpose of these camps is to prevent communist children being drawn into and attending summer camps of the Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, Young Men's Christian Association, and Young Women's Christian Association, and citizens' military training camps so that they will not become 'tainted' with patriotism and loyalty to the United States or with becoming attached to the Christian religion.
"First International Children's Congress.The First International Children's Congress was held in Moscow on August 23 and 24, 1929. Mme. Krupskaya, the widow of Lenin, was one of the speakers. Children were sent as delegates from distant parts of Soviet Russia and from the United States, England, Germany, China, and all corners of the earth and all races, white, yellow, brown, and black, were represented. There were seven boys and girls, about 14 years of age, sent as delegates from the United States. Included in this number was a boy from Gastonia, N. C., and a young negro by name of Shelley, who had withdrawn from the Boy Scouts and joined the Young Pioneers. Harry Eisman, a Young Pioneer, who had been dismissed from a public school in New York for communist activities and later sent to a reformatory school for inciting a riot against the Boy Scouts, was another delegate, but was arrested before the departure of the delegation. Nevertheless, he was elected to the honorary presidium of the Children's Congress.
"The American delegates have been used extensively to spread communist propaganda since their return among the Young Pioneers and school children. Miss Jessie Taft, whose parents were born in Russia and whose name is a recent acquisition, is the foremost spellbinder among the children delegates. She concludes her speeches by such remarks as: 'Remember, comrades, the only country we have is Soviet Russia,' and 'Remember, comrades, we children of today will be the leaders of the revolutionary movement a few years hence when we will make this country another Russia.'
"The Children's Congress in Moscow shows the importance placed on developing the communist youth movement by the communist leaders in Soviet Russia.
"The Young Communist League.The Young Communist League is the big brother of the Young Pioneers. They help to organize and furnish leaders for the Young Pioneers, and when the latter become 16 years of age they join the Young Communist League. Both the Young Pioneers and the Young Communist League join in bitter attacks upon the Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts, and continually proclaim their desire to smash both organizations.
"The members of the Young Communist League are expected to join in all communist activities, such as parades, street demonstrations and picketing.
"The Young Communist League is the American section of the Young Communist International at Moscow, the central organization of the Revolutionary Youth of the World. In the United States the Young Communist League is bitterly hostile to and does everything it can to oppose and undermine military training in schools and colleges, civilian military training camps, the National Guard, Reserve Officers' Training Corps, including such nonmilitary organizations as the Young Men's Christian Association and Young Women's Christian Association.
"THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
"The following are the 'Ten Commandments of a Young Communist':
1. The life of a young communist is devoted to the fight for the emancipation of the working class from capitalist slavery. He must consider participation in this fight and the winning of new fellow fighters as his highest duty.
2. Every member of the Young Communist League must strive at all times to deepen his understanding of the political, economic, and social conditions and to broaden his knowledge of communism.
3. Every member must take part in all the activities of his unit and of the respective local bodies to which he belongs. Punctuality, attentiveness, and active participation in discussion is the duty of everyone. Every young communist must be a member of his trade-union and work everywhere for the organization of the unorganized young workers into fighting unions.
4. Every young communist must attentively read and study the Young Worker in order to be informed of all league tasks. Everyone must become a contributor to the league papers.
5. Every member must work to become an active functionary and to further the work of the league by his self-activity.
6. Every young communist must be an agitator wherever he meets young workers, especially in shops, trade-unions, the armed forces, and sport organizations.
7. It is the duty of every member to work for the building up of Young Communist League factory groups in the shops. Every member must belong to the Young Communist League fraction or form one in trade-unions, workers' sports clubs, schools, etc., to which he belongs.
8. A young communist must at once bring to the knowledge of the leading body of the organization any important social, economic, and political occurrences which he may observe.
9. The members of the Young Communist League must act as one in outside organizations and against the enemy. Criticism and differences within their own ranks must under no circumstances take place there.
10. In case of arrest a Young Communist League member must not give any testimony to the police which could be used against other comrades, even if the police tell him that other comrades have already testified. A young communist does not allow either police tricks or force to make him a traitor to his class comrades and his organization.
"It is exceedingly difficult to ascertain even an approximate estimate of the membership in the Young Pioneers of America or the Young Communist League. It is evident that both organizations have been expanding rapidly throughout the country in the past few years and their activities have increased in proportion.
"Workers Schools.There are a dozen Workers or Communist Schools located in different cities, such as New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Seattle, Portland (Oreg.), Youngstown, Detroit, and Pontiac, and one claimed to be established in the South. The main Workers School is located in New York City in the same building as the Daily Worker.
"ACTIVITIES IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
"COLLEGES. It is apparent that there are quite a number of active communists in New York University, having their own Communist Club, but it would be difficult to ascertain with any accuracy their numbers or how far their activities are carried on in that university. Communists were also found to have infiltrated into the Universities of Chicago, Wisconsin, Washington, California, Harvard and Columbia. The evidence regarding communist activities in colleges and universities is not conclusive and the list is far from complete."
Since the publication of this report, Communist college students have organized The National Students' League. They have 150 chapters in the schools and colleges of the United States, the most prominent of which is the Harvard Chapter where members have chained themselves to trees and fences and delivered inflammatory speeches while police hacksawed their chains.
November 5, 1934, five communist leaders of the National Students' League were suspended from the University of California at Los Angeles, "Hot bed of communism! Breeding place of radicalism! Center of revolutionary activity!" These epithets were used by Dr. Ernest Carrol Moore, provost at U. C. L. A., in presenting evidence of a deliberate and skillful plot lasting over a period of ten years, to destroy the University. Dr. Moore brought the question to a definite issue before the 6,000 under-graduates when he said: "There is no